Vincent A Barnett

Learn More
We have measured the conventional electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectrum of spin-labeled myosin filaments as a function of the nucleotide occupancy of the active site of the enzyme. The probe used was 4-(2-iodoacetamido)-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine-1-oxyl (IASL), which reacts specifically with sulfhydryl 1 of the myosin head. In the absence of(More)
The purpose of this study was to quantify how the elastic modulus of the ex vivo iris changes following stimulation by pilocarpine (PILO), phenylephrine (PE), and tropicamide (TROP). Irides (n = 20) were dissected from porcine eyes within 4 h post-mortem and tested uniaxially. Either the entire iris or sector thereof was used. The samples were stretched up(More)
We have used electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to detect ATP- and calcium-induced changes in the structure of spin-labeled myosin heads in glycerinated rabbit psoas muscle fibers in key physiological states. The probe was a nitroxide iodoacetamide derivative attached selectively to myosin SH1 (Cys 707), the conventional EPR spectra of which(More)
We have used saturation transfer electron paramagnetic resonance (ST-EPR) to detect the microsecond rotational motions of spin-labeled myosin heads in bundles of skinned muscle fibers, under conditions of rigor, relaxation, and isometric contraction. Experiments were performed on fiber bundles perfused continuously with an ATP-regenerating system.(More)
We have investigated the orientation and rotational mobility of spin-labeled myosin heads in muscle fibers as a function of the sarcomere length in the absence of ATP. An iodoacetamide spin label was used to label selectively two-thirds of the sulfhydryl-1 groups in glycerinated rabbit psoas muscle. Conventional electron paramagnetic resonance experiments(More)
We have used electron paramagnetic resonance (EPR) spectroscopy to monitor the orientation of spin labels attached specifically to a reactive sulfhydryl on the myosin heads in glycerinated rabbit psoas skeletal muscle. Previous work has shown that the paramagnetic probes are highly ordered in rigor muscle and display a random angular distribution in relaxed(More)
Chaen et al. (1986. J. Biol. Chem. 261:13632-13636) showed that treatment of relaxed single muscle fibers with para-phenylenedimaleimide (pPDM) results in inhibition of a fiber's ability to generate active force and a diminished ATPase activity. They postulated that the inhibition of force production was due to pPDM's ability to prevent crossbridges from(More)
As an alternative to purely mechanical methods, optical tracking of passive osmotic swelling was used to assess mechanical properties of the porcine lens capsule. A simple model was developed accounting for the permeability of the lens fiber cells and capsule to water, the concentration of fixed charges in the fiber cells, and the capsule's resistance to(More)