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Because of rapid growth followed by spontaneous regression, the ovarian corpus luteum (CL) is an excellent model to study angiogenesis in vivo. To evaluate the expression of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein during luteal development, ovaries were collected from FSH-stimulated ewes throughout the estrous cycle. VEGF was immunolocalized in(More)
The ability of gonadotropins to act on and regulate normal ovarian surface epithelial (OSE) cells and ovarian cancer cells was investigated. Bovine OSE was used as a model to study normal OSE. Results demonstrate that follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and the luteinizing hormone (LH) like molecule, human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG), can both stimulate(More)
The role of epidermal growth factor (EGF) in the regulation of estrogen receptor-alpha (ER-alpha) gene expression in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7 was investigated. Treatment of cells with 0.4 ng/ml EGF resulted in an approximately 60% decrease in ER-alpha protein concentration by 6 h and the amount of receptor remained suppressed for 24 h. Ligand(More)
Greater than 95% of ovarian cancers originate in the epithelial cells on the surface of the ovary. The current study investigates the expression and action of transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalpha) in ovarian surface epithelium (OSE) and the underlying stroma in both normal and tumorigenic ovarian tissues. Normal bovine ovaries are used in the current(More)
Ovarian follicles from days 13, 14, 15, and 16 and corpora lutea (CL) from days 2, 4, 8, 12, and 15 of the estrous cycle were evaluated for the presence of connexins by immunohistochemistry. In addition, CL from days 5, 10, and 15 of the estrous cycle were used for immunofluorescent detection of Cx43 followed by image analysis, and for Western immunoblot.(More)
INTRODUCTION Due to limited enrollment of women in previous trials, there is a paucity of data comparing outcome and arrhythmic events in men versus women with implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs). METHODS AND RESULTS We analyzed outcome of patients in the INTRINSIC RV (Inhibition of Unnecessary RV Pacing with AV Search Hysteresis in ICDs) trial(More)
Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) isoforms are important paracrine and autocrine signaling molecules for the regulation of ovarian follicle growth and physiology. Effective communication between the epithelial granulosa cells, the mesenchymal theca cells, and the oocyte is vital for ovarian function and reproductive success. The expression,(More)
The majority of ovarian tumors are derived from the single layer of epithelial cells on the surface of the ovary termed the ovarian surface epithelium (OSE). Stromal cell-OSE interactions are postulated to be an important aspect of normal OSE biology and the biology of ovarian cancer. Transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta) has been shown to often be a(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) probably play an important role in development and maintenance of the vasculature of the corpus luteum (CL). The objective of the present study was to evaluate the distribution and levels of fibroblast growth factor receptors (FGFRs) in the ovine CL from the early, mid- and late stages of the estrous cycle. Presence of(More)
Background There has been considerable progress and advancement in computational cell biology and this has given researchers powerful tools to simulate metabolic, genetic and signal transduction networks. However there has been little development in designing computational tools to incorporate biologically realistic simulations of systems comprising many(More)
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