Vinay Kumaran

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BACKGROUND & AIMS The availability of in vitro expandable human hepatocytes would greatly advance liver-directed cell therapies. Therefore, we examined whether human fetal hepatocytes are amenable to telomerase-mediated immortalization without inducing a transformed phenotype and disrupting their differentiation potential. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein(More)
The implementation of a surgical safety checklist is said to minimize postoperative surgical complications. However, to our knowledge, no randomized controlled study has been done on the influence of checklists on postoperative outcomes in a developing country. We conducted a prospective randomized controlled study with parallel group study design of the(More)
BACKGROUND Diabetes is a lifestyle disease and can be successfully managed by good self-care activities such as diet, exercise, monitoring and drug adherence. Adequate baseline information about the prevalence of good self-care activities is not available from India. We aimed to estimate the existing self-care behaviours and factors influencing these(More)
Our objective was to assess the ability of dual-phase helical CT (DHCT) to predict resectability of carcinoma of gallbladder (CaGB). Thirty-two consecutive patients suspected of having CaGB on clinical examination and sonography presented to our centre over 10-month period. All these 32 patients underwent DHCT. Fifteen patients were considered inoperable(More)
UNLABELLED Many diseases are associated with cytokine release after inflammatory infiltration, which perturbs organ function. Radioligands capable of noninvasive tracking to assess the integrity of specific biochemical pathways offer potent ways to establish such perturbing mechanisms. METHODS To demonstrate regulation of hepatobiliary transport in(More)
Mucormycosis of the gastrointestinal tract is a rare infection that usually occurs in patients who are immunocompromised and carries a high mortality. We report four cases of gastrointestinal mucormycosis seen over a one year period with different presentations, risk factors and different anatomical sites of involvement. A preoperative diagnosis was made(More)
Patients with chronic liver disease and certain patients with acute liver failure require liver transplantation as a life-saving measure. Liver transplantation has undergone major improvements, with better selection of candidates for transplantation and allocation of scarce deceased donor organs (according to more objective criteria). Living donor liver(More)
Disruption of the hepatic endothelial barrier or Kupffer cell function facilitates transplanted cell engraftment in the liver. To determine whether these mechanisms could be activated simultaneously, we studied the effects of monocrotaline, a pyrollizidine alkaloid, with reported toxicity in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and Kupffer cells. The effects(More)
UNLABELLED The potential for organ damage after using drugs or chemicals is a critical issue in medicine. To delineate mechanisms of drug-induced hepatic injury, we used transplanted cells as reporters in dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient mice. These mice were given phenytoin and rifampicin for 3 days, after which monocrotaline was given followed 1 day(More)