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UNLABELLED Many diseases are associated with cytokine release after inflammatory infiltration, which perturbs organ function. Radioligands capable of noninvasive tracking to assess the integrity of specific biochemical pathways offer potent ways to establish such perturbing mechanisms. METHODS To demonstrate regulation of hepatobiliary transport in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The availability of in vitro expandable human hepatocytes would greatly advance liver-directed cell therapies. Therefore, we examined whether human fetal hepatocytes are amenable to telomerase-mediated immortalization without inducing a transformed phenotype and disrupting their differentiation potential. Telomerase is a ribonucleoprotein(More)
The implementation of a surgical safety checklist is said to minimize postoperative surgical complications. However, to our knowledge, no randomized controlled study has been done on the influence of checklists on postoperative outcomes in a developing country. We conducted a prospective randomized controlled study with parallel group study design of the(More)
Disruption of the hepatic endothelial barrier or Kupffer cell function facilitates transplanted cell engraftment in the liver. To determine whether these mechanisms could be activated simultaneously, we studied the effects of monocrotaline, a pyrollizidine alkaloid, with reported toxicity in liver sinusoidal endothelial cells and Kupffer cells. The effects(More)
UNLABELLED The potential for organ damage after using drugs or chemicals is a critical issue in medicine. To delineate mechanisms of drug-induced hepatic injury, we used transplanted cells as reporters in dipeptidyl peptidase IV-deficient mice. These mice were given phenytoin and rifampicin for 3 days, after which monocrotaline was given followed 1 day(More)
Our objective was to assess the ability of dual-phase helical CT (DHCT) to predict resectability of carcinoma of gallbladder (CaGB). Thirty-two consecutive patients suspected of having CaGB on clinical examination and sonography presented to our centre over 10-month period. All these 32 patients underwent DHCT. Fifteen patients were considered inoperable(More)
CONTEXT The common risk factors for hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) include persistent viral infection with either hepatitis B or C virus, alcohol abuse, hemochromatosis, and metabolic syndrome. Steatohepatitic (SH) HCC has been recently recognized as a special morphologic variant of HCC associated with metabolic risk factors. OBJECTIVE To assess the SH(More)
We determine here the functional integrity of auxiliary livers in containers fashioned from the small intestine. Liver microfragments from dipeptidyl peptidase 4 (DPP4)-deficient rats were transplanted into syngeneic normal animals with isolated intestinal segments characterized by mucosal denudation but intact vascular supply. Transplanted liver fragments(More)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the major causes of morbidity, mortality and healthcare expenditure in patients with chronic liver disease. There are no consensus guidelines on diagnosis and management of HCC in India. The Indian National Association for Study of the Liver (INASL) set up a Task-Force on HCC in 2011, with a mandate to develop(More)
OBJECTIVES After portosystemic anastomoses for biliopathy, some patients continue to suffer biliary obstruction. The effects of splenectomy and devascularization of the abdominal oesophagus and upper stomach are unclear. The aim of the current study was to determine the features of portal biliopathy (PB) in patients with non-cirrhotic portal hypertension,(More)