Vinay K. Cheruvu

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CONTEXT Plasma human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) RNA level predicts HIV disease progression, but the extent to which it explains the variability in rate of CD4 cell depletion is poorly characterized. OBJECTIVE To estimate the proportion of variability in rate of CD4 cell loss predicted by presenting plasma HIV RNA levels in untreated HIV-infected(More)
AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) plays a critical role in the stimulation of glucose transport in response to hypoxia and inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation. In the present study, we examined the signaling pathway(s) mediating the glucose transport response following activation of AMPK. Using mouse fibroblasts of AMPK wild type and AMPK knockout, we(More)
Objective: We explored the influence of patients' proactivity in communication, their age, and co-morbidities on physician recommendations of breast and colorectal cancer screening. We focused on mammogram and colono-scopy/sigmoidoscopy, as the recommended screening tests for these prevalent late life cancers. Methods: Data are based on interviews with 414(More)
INTRODUCTION Influenza vaccination rates are low in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). A diagnostic breathing test in adults with COPD may increase vaccination rates; however, research has not demonstrated this relationship. The purpose of this research was to determine if adults with COPD diagnosed by a breathing test were more(More)
Depression is one of the most prevalent mental health disorders among adults with adverse childhood experiences (ACE). Several studies have well documented the protective role of social support against depression in other populations. However, the impact of perceived social and emotional support (PSES) on current depression in a large community sample of(More)
BACKGROUND Dizziness is often reported after a sports-related concussion. Forces experienced at the time of the concussion can cause an injury to multiple anatomical areas, including the central nervous system, the vestibular system, and the cervical spine, each of which is sufficient to cause dizziness. Medical professionals routinely use the subjective(More)
BACKGROUND 1) To identify socio-demographic factors associated with parental "no-intent" for their 13-17 year old unvaccinated daughter to receive the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series within the next twelve months, 2) to describe patterns in "no-intent" by socio-demographic factors, and 3) to identify socio-demographic factors associated with(More)
Only half of adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) report a smoking quit attempt in the past year. Adults with COPD have frequent encounters with the healthcare system that are opportunities for health behavior interventions that support quit attempts. The purpose of this research was to examine individual- and clinical-level factors(More)
Findings from studies that examined the association between health-related quality of life (HRQOL) and smoking status among COPD patients have been mixed. Moreover, factors associated with current smoking in COPD patients and differences by sex have not been fully elucidated. Data from the 2011 and 2012 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System was used in(More)
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