Vinant Bhargava

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Garlic oil was evaluated for gastroprotective activity against ethanol induced ulcers. Reactive oxygen species are involved in the pathogenesis of these ulcers. The possible involvement of garlic oil in restraining the oxidation process produced in gastric tissue was also investigated. The ulcer index, lipid peroxidation and antioxidant enzyme activity(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine the effect of grapefruit juice on the bioavailability of carbamazepine in patients with epilepsy. METHODS This was a randomized crossover study consisting of 2 phases. Ten patients with epilepsy who had received therapy with 200 mg carbamazepine 3 times a day for the previous 3 to 4 weeks participated. They were given either(More)
The use of clonazepam in the long-term treatment of epilepsy is greatly inhibited by its capacity to induce tolerance and dependence. A means of preventing or minimizing the tolerance and dependence inducing properties is required. Here the role of nitric oxide in preventing the development of tolerance and withdrawal hyperexcitability was studied. In(More)
We have examined the role of serotonergic and/or dopaminergic mechanism in the mediation of the nicotine-induced depression of brainstem auditory evoked responses (BAER) to auditory stimuli. Nicotine produced dose- and time-dependent decreases in BAER amplitude. Administration of serotonin-depleting drugs (reserpine or p-chlorophenylalanine (PCPA),(More)
Cutaneous reactions were monitored by spontaneous adverse reaction monitoring system among inpatients in Nehru Hospital, over a period of 3 1/2 years. A total of 379 adverse drug reactions were reported during this period, of which 144 (40%) were cutaneous reactions. Maculopapular rashes (50% of cutaneous reactions), and urticaria (21.5%) were the most(More)
Omeprazole has long been used as an effective agent to treat peptic ulcer. Recent studies have shown that in addition to inhibiting the H(+)-K(+)ATPase, it also inhibits carbonic anhydrase (CA) types I, II and IV. This led us to investigate its anticonvulsant effect in a rat model of electroconvulsion. Since other carbonic anhydrase inhibitors like(More)
Gabapentin is an adjunctive drug for the treatment of resistant partial seizures. The antinociceptive effect of this drug was assessed by using the formalin pain test in rats. Although low dose gabapentin (10 mg/kg s.c.) was unable to alter pain scores, higher doses (30 and 90 mg/kg s.c.) significantly reduced them. Results suggest that gabapentin may(More)
The effect of single and multiple doses of a herbal preparation trikatu, an Ayurvedic prescription, on the bioavailability and pharmacokinetics of rifampicin was studied in rabbits. Rabbits (n = 10) were administered a single dose of rifampicin (24 mg/kg, p.o.) alone or in combination with a single dose of trikatu (500 mg/kg, p.o.). The study had a cross(More)