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Scientists working with large volumes of high-dimensional data, such as global climate patterns, stellar spectra, or human gene distributions, regularly confront the problem of dimensionality reduction: finding meaningful low-dimensional structures hidden in their high-dimensional observations. The human brain confronts the same problem in everyday… (More)

Recently proposed algorithms for nonlinear dimensionality reduction fall broadly into two categories which have different advantages and disadvantages: global (Isomap [1,2]), and local (Locally Linear Embedding [3], Laplacian Eigenmaps [4]). In this paper we describe variants of the Isomap algorithm which overcome two of the apparent disadvantages of the… (More)

There has been continued interest in seeking a theorem describing optimal low-rank approximations to tensors of order 3 or higher, that parallels the Eckart–Young theorem for matrices. In this paper, we argue that the naive approach to this problem is doomed to failure because, unlike matrices, tensors of order 3 or higher can fail to have best rank-r… (More)

— We present Gradient Landmark-Based Distributed Routing (GLIDER), a novel naming/addressing scheme and associated routing algorithm, for a network of wireless communicating nodes. We assume that the nodes are fixed (though their geographic locations are not necessarily known), and that each node can communicate wirelessly with some of its geographic… (More)

We introduce tools from computational homology to verify coverage in a sensor network. Our methods are unique in that, while they are coordinate-free and assume no localization or orientation capabilities for the nodes, there are also no probabilistic assumptions. We demonstrate the robustness of the techniques by adapting them to a variety of settings,… (More)

This paper tackles the problem of computing topological invariants of geometric objects in a robust manner, using only point cloud data sampled from the object. It is now widely recognised that this kind of topological analysis can give qualitative information about data sets which is not readily available by other means. In particular, it can be an aid to… (More)

In this study we concentrate on qualitative topological analysis of the local behavior of the space of natural images. To this end, we use a space of 3 by 3 high-contrast patches M. We develop a theoretical model for the high-density 2-dimensional submanifold of M showing that it has the topology of the Klein bottle. Using our topological software package… (More)

We study the problem of computing zigzag persistence of a sequence of homology groups and study a particular sequence derived from the levelsets of a real-valued function on a topological space. The result is a local, symmetric interval descriptor of the function. Our structural results establish a connection between the zigzag pairs in this sequence and… (More)

We consider sequences of absolute and relative homology and cohomology groups that arise naturally for a filtered cell complex. We establish algebraic relationships between their persistence modules, and show that they contain equivalent information. We explain how one can use the existing algorithm for persistent homology to process any of the four… (More)

We show that the traditional criterion for a simplex to belong to the Delaunay triangulation of a point set is equivalent to a criterion which is a priori weaker. The argument is quite general; as well as the classical Euclidean case, it applies to hyperbolic and hemispherical geometries and to Edelsbrunner's weighted Delaunay triangulation. In spherical… (More)