Learn More
The purpose of physiological cell death is the noninflammatory clearance of cells that have become inappropriate or nonfunctional. Consistent with this function, the recognition of apoptotic cells by professional phagocytes, including macrophages and dendritic cells, triggers a set of potent anti-inflammatory responses manifest on multiple levels. The(More)
Cyclooxygenase-2 (Cox-2), an inducible form of the enzyme that catalyzes the first step in the synthesis of prostanoids, has been shown to be overexpressed in a wide range of tumors and possesses proangiogenic and antiapoptotic properties. To understand the molecular mechanism of Cox-2 action we used adenovirus-mediated transfer of rat Cox-2 cDNA into renal(More)
Macrophages from nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice, which spontaneously develop type I diabetes, share a defect in elicited cytokine production with macrophages from multiple diverse strains of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)-prone mice. We have previously shown that, in SLE-prone mice, this defect is triggered by exposure to apoptotic cells. We report in(More)
Macrophages (mphi) from prediseased mice of all the major murine models of spontaneous autoimmunity have an identical defect in cytokine expression that is triggered by serum and/or apoptotic cells. We show here that mphi from prediseased mice of the same models of spontaneous autoimmunity share a serum-dependent defect in the activity of Rho, a cytoplasmic(More)
BACKGROUND We reported that rapamycin impairs recovery after acute renal failure (ARF) in rats. The objective of this study was to determine if recovery will eventually occur after ARF despite continued rapamycin treatment. METHODS ARF was induced in rats by renal artery occlusion. Glomerular filtration rate (GFR), morphology, and tubular cell(More)
Virtually all cells in the body have the capacity to recognize and respond to dead cells. Viable cells discriminate apo from nec targets via distinct cell surface receptors. Engagement of these receptors induces "recognition-dependent" signaling events in viable responding cells that differ for apo vs. nec targets. Although "engulfment-dependent" signaling(More)
Current models of autoimmunity suggest that delayed clearance of apoptotic cells leads to the presentation of apoptotic antigens in the context of inflammatory signals, with resultant autoimmunity. These models implicitly assume that, in contrast to early apoptotic cells (that retain membrane integrity), late apoptotic cells (with compromised membranes) act(More)
The role of the presumptive phosphatidylserine receptor (PSR) in the recognition and engulfment of apoptotic cells, and the antiinflammatory response they exert, has been of great interest. Genetic deficiency of PSR in the mouse is lethal perinatally, and results to date have been ambiguous with regard to the phagocytic and inflammatory phenotypes(More)
Macrophages (mphi) from prediseased mice of the major murine models of lupus have an identical defect in cytokine expression that is triggered by serum and/or apoptotic cells. It is striking that cytokine expression in the absence of serum and apoptotic cells is equivalent to that of nonautoimmune mice. Here, we show that mphi from prediseased lupus-prone(More)
Apoptosis of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) is increased in atherosclerosis compared with normal vessels, where it may contribute to plaque rupture. We have previously found that human plaque-derived VSMCs (pVSMCs) are intrinsically sensitive to apoptosis and not responsive to the protective effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1). We(More)