Vilma Decman

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Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1)-specific CD8+ T cells and the cytokine gamma interferon (IFN-gamma) are persistently present in trigeminal ganglia (TG) harboring latent HSV-1. We define "latency" as the retention of functional viral genomes in sensory neurons without the production of infectious virions and "reactivation" as a multistep process leading(More)
A hallmark of the herpes family of viruses is their ability to cause recurrent disease. Upon primary infection, Herpes Simplex virus (HSV) establishes a latent infection in sensory neurons that persists for the life of the individual. Reactivation of these latent viral genomes with virion formation is the source of virus for most HSV recurrent disease. This(More)
The expansion of a hexanucleotide (GGGGCC) repeat in C9ORF72 is the most common cause of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and frontotemporal dementia (FTD). Both the function of C9ORF72 and the mechanism by which the repeat expansion drives neuropathology are unknown. To examine whether C9ORF72 haploinsufficiency induces neurological disease, we created(More)
Herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV-1) persists within the host in the presence of concomitant immunity by establishing a latent infection within sensory neurons. HSV-1 latency is widely viewed as a neuron-enforced quiescent state of the virus, in which a lack of viral protein synthesis prevents recognition of the infected neuron by the host immune system. On(More)
Aging is associated with suboptimal CD8 T cell responses to viral infections. It is not clear whether these poor responses are due to environmental influences or quantitative and qualitative changes in the pool of responding CD8 T cells. Our studies demonstrated several deleterious age-related changes in the pool of Ag-specific CD8 T cells that respond to(More)
Seasonal epidemics of influenza virus result in ∼36,000 deaths annually in the United States. Current vaccines against influenza virus elicit an antibody response specific for the envelope glycoproteins. However, high mutation rates result in the emergence of new viral serotypes, which elude neutralization by preexisting antibodies. T lymphocytes have been(More)
Although previous studies have demonstrated delayed viral clearance and blunted effector T cell responses in aged mice during infection, memory CD8 T cells and especially secondary responses have received less attention. In this study, we show that modest differences in the number of memory CD8 T cells formed in aged versus young animals were associated(More)
We provide evidence that sensory neurons regulate the effector functions and phenotype of CD8+ T cells during active immunosurveillance of HSV-1 latency. Low-level viral gene expression in latently infected sensory ganglia gives rise to a unique, functionally active CD8+ T cell population. Surprisingly, distinct neuronal subsets require different CD8(More)
Aging is associated with suboptimal CD8 T cell responses to viral infections. It is not clear whether these poor responses are due to environmental influences or quantitative and qualitative changes in the pool of responding CD8 T cells. Our studies demonstrated several deleterious age-related changes in the pool of Ag-specific CD8 T cells that respond to(More)
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