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A complication of extracapsular cataract extraction with or without posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC-IOL) implantation is posterior capsule opacification. This condition is usually secondary to a proliferation and migration of residual lens epithelial cells. Opacification may be reduced by atraumatic surgery and thorough cortical clean-up. Clinical,(More)
BACKGROUND Bivalirudin, a direct thrombin inhibitor, is a widely used adjunctive therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention (PCI). Thrombin is a highly potent agonist of platelets and activates the protease-activated receptors, PAR1 and PAR4, but it is not known whether bivalirudin exerts antiplatelet effects in PCI patients. We tested the(More)
Two hundred fifty consecutive postmortem eyes containing posterior chamber intraocular lenses (PC IOLs) were analyzed according to the presence and number of radial anterior capsular tears. Over 90% of cases had been done with the "can opener" technique. A surprisingly high percentage of cases, 86%, had one to five radial tears. Furthermore, our analysis(More)
Radial tears at the margin of an anterior capsulectomy may be associated with the exit of at least one loop of an intraocular lens out of the capsular bag ("pea pod" effect) and subsequent decentration. Many ophthalmologists have gained a clinical impression that the anterior capsule is more likely to remain intact if the continuous circular capsulorhexis(More)
The effect of posterior chamber intraocular lens (IOL) dimensions, design, style, loop fixation, and anterior capsular tears on decentration were investigated in an experimental model. Nine posterior chamber IOLs of various designs and styles with loop diameters between 12.0 and 14.0 mm and optic diameters between 5.0 and 7.0 mm were implanted in human eyes(More)
We investigated the effect of colchicine in a sustained drug delivery system on posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in rabbit eyes. A polymer matrix wafer, which diffused colchicine at a steady rate, was implanted in the capsular bag of 34 eyes after the lens material was removed by endocapsular phacoemulsification. Three different drug concentrations(More)
Cloning and characterization of H3.3A variant histone expression has recently been reported to be associated with meiotic development in mouse testis and ovary. Using Northern analysis and in situ hybridization, the pattern of H3.3A expression was studied during the development of different tissues. In addition to the differential expression detected in(More)
Replacement-variant H3.3 histones have been isolated and sequenced in different eukaryotes, but no functional H3.3A gene has been characterized in the mouse so far. We have cloned an H3.3A cDNA from a mouse fetal ovary library, differentially screened with testis versus somatic cDNA probes. We showed this gene contains a region homologous to the reverse and(More)
Looped intraocular lenses (IOLs) fixate by exerting centripetal pressure on the ocular tissues. The ability of the flexible loops to maintain pressure depends on their rigidity (i.e., resistance to flexion) and their "memory" (i.e., ability to restore original configuration after a long period of compression). We studied the memory of 30 different posterior(More)
The posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis technique has been advocated in cases of posterior capsule rupture during extracapsular cataract extraction. The authors compared posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis with posterior capsular sharp-edged tears. Two different types of forces were experimentally created on the posterior capsule of 30(More)