Vilma A. Stanisich

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Medical microbiology is extremely reliant on the culture of bacteria from clinical specimens and their subsequent identification by biochemical and phenotypic characteristics for the diagnosis of disease. Following determination of the structure of DNA by Watson & Crick (1953), studies in bacteriology have seen a major shift from functional to molecular(More)
The IncP alpha promiscuous plasmid (R18, R68, RK2, RP1 and RP4) comprises 60,099 bp of nucleotide sequence, encoding at least 74 genes. About 40 kb of the genome, designated the IncP core and including all essential replication and transfer functions, can be aligned with equivalent sequences in the IncP beta plasmid R751. The compiled IncP alpha sequence(More)
Three structural classes of (1→3)-β-d-glucans are encountered in some important soil-dwelling, plant-associated or human pathogenic bacteria. Linear (1→3)-β-glucans and side-chain-branched (1→3,1→2)-β-glucans are major constituents of capsular materials, with roles in bacterial aggregation, virulence and carbohydrate storage. Cyclic (1→3,1→6)-β-glucans are(More)
The crdS gene of Agrobacterium sp. strain ATCC31749 encodes the curdlan synthase (CrdS) protein based on the homology of the derived CrdS protein sequence with those of beta-glycosyl transferases with repetitive action patterns (Stasinopoulos et al. [1999] Glycobiology, 9, 31-41). Here we show that chemical (NTG) mutagenesis of crdS abolishes curdlan(More)
Genes involved in the production of the extracellular (1-->3)-beta-glucan, curdlan, by Agrobacterium sp. strain ATCC 31749 were described previously (Stasinopoulos et al., Glycobiology 9:31-41, 1999). To identify additional curdlan-related genes whose protein products occur in the cell envelope, the transposon TnphoA was used as a specific genetic probe.(More)
The nonconjugative plasmid, pVS1, has a molecular weight of 18.5 X 10(6) and confers resistance to sulfonamides and to mercuric ions. In Pseudomonas aeruginosa PAO, the transfer can be mobilized by a variety of conjugative plasmids, and the process does not require a functional recombination system in the donor. Hybrid plasmids that arise by the relocation(More)
Three structural classes of (1-->3)-beta-D-glucans are encountered in some important soil-dwelling, plant-associated or human pathogenic bacteria. Linear (1-->3)-beta-glucans and side-chain-branched (1-->3,1-->2)-beta-glucans are major constituents of capsular materials, with roles in bacterial aggregation, virulence and carbohydrate storage. Cyclic(More)
The properties of four P-group plasmids, R26, R527, R751 and R906, which differ in resistance phenotype or in the bacterial species in which they were first detected, have been compared with the prototype of this group, RPI. Two of the plasmids, R26 and R527, are new isolates which have been assigned to the P group because of their incompatibility with(More)
The mechanisms by which gene products inhibit the conjugal transfer of IncP plasmids (e.g., RP1) have been little studied. We have isolated and characterized one such gene, fipA (624 nucleotides), from the SmaI (14.8 kb)-AatII (15.6 kb) region of pKM101(IncN). This gene, which is also conserved in other IncN plasmids, is transcribed in an anticlockwise(More)