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Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the commonest cause of death. Here, we report an association analysis in 63,746 CAD cases and 130,681 controls identifying 15 loci reaching genome-wide significance, taking the number of susceptibility loci for CAD to 46, and a further 104 independent variants (r(2) < 0.2) strongly associated with CAD at a 5% false discovery(More)
A common polymorphism has been described in the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) gene, substituting an alanine (A) for a valine (V), where the V allele results in a thermolabile enzyme with reduced activity. This polymorphism is easily detectable by PCR amplification and digestion with HinfI restriction enzyme. We describe the use of the MADGE(More)
Many long-term prospective studies have reported on associations of cardiovascular diseases with circulating lipid markers and/or inflammatory markers. Studies have not, however, generally been designed to provide reliable estimates under different circumstances and to correct for within-person variability. The Emerging Risk Factors Collaboration has(More)
963 Are behavioral practices for overcoming nature the hope for personalized medicine? JR Ferna´ndez See corresponding article on page 1162. Statistical Commentary 965 Best (but oft-forgotten) practices: the design, analysis, and interpretation of Mendelian randomization studies. Obesity and eating disorders 979 Dairy consumption in association with weight(More)
Total blood levels of homocysteine (tHcy) have been shown to depend on both environmental and genetic factors, and to be associated with the risk of developing atherosclerosis with its complications of coronary heart disease (CHD) and stroke. In this study, 408 men and 346 women from two towns, Dewsbury and Maidstone were examined for tHcy levels and(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Incidental foci of signal loss suggestive of cerebral microbleeds (CMBs) are frequent findings on gradient echo T2* weighted MRI (T2* MRI) of patients with haemorrhagic or ischaemic stroke. There are few prevalence data on older populations. This paper reports on the prevalence and location of CMBs in a community based cohort of older(More)
Hip fracture risk is usually evaluated using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) or quantitative computed tomography (QCT) which provide surrogate measures for proximal femoral strength. However, proximal femoral strength can best be estimated explicitly by combining QCT with finite element (FE) analysis. To evaluate this technique for predicting hip(More)
UNLABELLED The incidence of the most common fracture types in Iceland is reported based on individual data from the Reykjavik Study 1967-2008. Time trend is reported for the major osteoporotic fractures (MOS) 1989-2008. INTRODUCTION This study aims to assess the incidence of all fractures in Iceland, with emphasis on the rate of hip fractures, and compare(More)
Healthy middle-aged men (n = 1,470) from eight general practices across Britain were examined for plasma total homocysteine levels and genotyped for the A222V polymorphism in the methylene-tetrahydrofolate (MTHFR) gene, the 68 bp insertion polymorphism in exon 8 of the cystathionine b synthase (CBS) gene and the D919G polymorphism in the methionine synthase(More)
General cognitive function is substantially heritable across the human life course from adolescence to old age. We investigated the genetic contribution to variation in this important, health- and well-being-related trait in middle-aged and older adults. We conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association studies of 31 cohorts (N=53,949) in which the(More)