Ville Vuorinen

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Glycerol (an atoxic alcohol) and phenol (a toxic monohydroxybenzene) are currently used as neurolytic blocking agents to relieve pain or spasticity. In the present study we compared the endoneurial response of anhydrous glycerol and 7% phenol-aqua after intraneural injection into rat sciatic nerve, using electron microscopy and immunohistochemical(More)
BACKGROUND Patients with radiologically (MRI and/or CT images) suspected malignant glioma is referred to radiotherapy after craniotomy and resection of the tumour or after diagnostic biopsy. Patients with poor preoperative status and elderly patients are diagnosed more often by biopsy and treated by radiotherapy rather than by craniotomy and tumour(More)
Cell proliferation indices of 31 primary intracranial haemangiopericytomas (HPC) and their recurrences and metastases were correlated with the long-term recurrence, metastasis and survival rates. Paraffin-embedded specimens were used for K-67, PCNA and p53 immunostainings and for estimation of S-phase fraction (S-PF) in flow cytometry. The median Ki-67 and(More)
BACKGROUND The signal of choline containing compounds (Cho) in proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) is elevated in brain tumors. [11C]choline uptake as assessed using positron emission tomography (PET) has also been suggested to be higher in brain tumors than in the normal brain. We examined whether quantitative analysis of choline accumulation(More)
PURPOSE Meningiomas and schwannomas associated with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) are difficult to control by microsurgery and stereotactic radiotherapy alone. Boron neutron capture therapy (BNCT) is a chemically targeted form of radiotherapy requiring increased concentration of boron-10 in tumour tissue. PET with the boron carrier(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES The variability and predictability of neurolytic neural blocks were studied using an experimental rat sciatic nerve model. The goal of the study was to compare endoneurial and clinical responses to commonly used neurolytic agents. METHODS The sciatic nerves of 80 rats were treated either with intra- or perineural injections of 7%(More)
In this study, we have analyzed the ability of axons to regenerate into chronically denervated peripheral nerve. As an experimental rat model, the proximal end of a newly transected rat tibial nerve was sutured into chronically denervated (3 months up to 16 months) common peroneal nerve. Samples for morphological studies were collected 3 and 6 weeks after(More)
The expression of B1 laminin and type IV collagen was followed in the microsurgically isolated endoneurium of transected rat sciatic nerves from 3 days until 8 weeks. Northern hybridizations revealed that after nerve transection the proximal stumps of denervated, as well as freely regenerating, nerves showed a markedly increased expression of laminin and(More)
BACKGROUND The regeneration of transected peripheral nerve is thought to happen with the help of cell-cell and cell-extracellular matrix interactions. We studied the role of axon in controlling the expression of extracellular matrix genes in transected peripheral nerve. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Left sciatic nerves were transected in a total of 132 rats. In(More)
Our aim was to study the association of two potential serum biomarkers glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) with prognostic markers such as IDH1 mutation, tumor burden, and survival in patients with high-grade gliomas (HGG). Additionally, our objective was to evaluate the potential of serum EGFR as a surrogate(More)