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The nature of transport and energy use is radically changing along with the upward trend of electric vehicles. The rapid technological development of electrical vehicles opens new opportunities from the electricity distribution point of view. Efficiency can be improved by implementing energy storages to the grid and cutting the load peaks by feeding power(More)
The antifungal activity of cysteine (2-amino-3-mercaptopropionic acid) on mycelial growth and the production of lanosterol, 3,β-hydroxy-lanosta-8,24-dien-21-al, 3,β-21,dihydroxy-lanosta-8,24-diene, trametenolic acid and ergosterol were investigated in solid and liquid cultures ofInonotus obliquus at cysteine concentrations of 0.9 and 9.0 mm by means of(More)
A fundamental cognitive challenge to users of mobile maps is to construct an adequate mental representation of the oneto-one mapping between locations in the digital and physical spaces. Understanding this mapping underlies many map-based tasks such as identification, recognition, orientation, and navigation. In this paper, we present results from a field(More)
The aim of the paper is to describe and introduce smart charging test environment and plug-in hybrid vehicle capable of smart charging and vehicle to grid functionality. Furthermore, the paper aims at demonstrating simple smart charging strategy in operation on smart charging test bed. The demonstration utilizes commercially available components and open(More)
In this paper, a description of a smart charging interface in an actual smart grid environment is presented. In addition, some results of controlled smart charging events are shown. The smart charging interface in Green Campus Smart Grid allows handling and controlling multiple electric vehicles (EVs) within the campus area based on information from the EVs(More)
This paper considers how power-based distribution tariffs encourage electricity end-users to invest in energy storages to reduce their peak loads. The study uses actual automatic meter reading (AMR) data from 30 000 customers the annual electricity consumption of which is less than 50 MWh. The customers locate in the area of a Finnish distribution system(More)