Ville Lehtinen

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BACKGROUND This is the first report on the epidemiology of depressive disorders from the European Outcome of Depression International Network (ODIN) study. AIMS To assess the prevalence of depressive disorders in randomly selected samples of the general population in five European countries. METHOD The study was designed as a cross-sectional two-phase(More)
OBJECTIVES To determine the acceptability of two psychological interventions for depressed adults in the community and their effect on caseness, symptoms, and subjective function. DESIGN A pragmatic multicentre randomised controlled trial, stratified by centre. SETTING Nine urban and rural communities in Finland, Republic of Ireland, Norway, Spain, and(More)
The Mini Finland Health Survey was an extensive epidemiological study of the Finnish population aged 30 or over; the prevalence of mental disorders was one aspect studied. Prevalence of symptoms in the General Health Questionnaire as well as the prevalence of self-perceived and clinically assessed mental disorders was studied. The total prevalence of(More)
The prevalence of use of seclusion and restraints in psychiatric treatment has varied dramatically among institutions, according to previous studies. We investigated the factors predicting overall and "heavy use" of restrictive measures and differences in the population-based rates of use of seclusion and restraints in three university psychiatric centres(More)
BACKGROUND ODIN aims (a) to provide data on the prevalence, risk factors and outcome of depressive disorders in rural and urban settings within the European Union (EU) based on an epidemiological sampling frame; and (b) to assess the impact of two psychological interventions on the outcome of depression and on service utilisation and costs. METHOD Five(More)
Depending on the way it is defined depression can be seen as a state of mood, as a symptom, as a syndrome or as a clinical diagnosis. Epidemiological studies show that depression is the most common mental disorder in man. Up to 4% of men and 8% of women suffer from a clinically significant depressive disorder, while depressive symptoms are much more common.(More)
Although it has been hypothesized that depressive persons have an excess risk of cancer, few prospective data are available. The association between depressiveness and subsequent incidence of lung cancer was studied in the nationally representative Mini-Finland Health Survey. The study population comprised 7,018 adult men and women, free from cancer at the(More)
To find out to what extent coercion and restrictions are used in psychiatric inpatient treatment and with which patient characteristics the use of coercion is associated. To this end, the hospital records of 1,543 admissions (six-month admission samples) to the psychiatric clinics in three Finnish university towns were evaluated by retrospective chart(More)
To explore if differences in negative life events, vulnerability and social support may explain the gender difference in depression. Cross-sectional, multinational, community survey from five European countries (n = 8,787). Depression is measured by Beck Depression Inventory, whereas negative life events and social support are measured by various(More)
This article presents results on the self-perceived and clinically assessed met and unmet need for mental health care as indicated by the Mini Finland Health Survey, an extensive epidemiological study of the Finnish population aged 30 years or over. The prevalence of self-perceived definite or probable need for care was 6.4% in the men and 8.2% in the(More)