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MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNA molecules that negatively control expression of target genes in animals and plants. The microRNA-21 gene (mir-21) has been identified as the only miRNA commonly overexpressed in solid tumors of the lung, breast, stomach, prostate, colon, brain, head and neck, esophagus and pancreas. We initiated a screen to(More)
Long interspersed nuclear elements [LINE-1 (L1)] are abundant retrotransposons in mammalian genomes that remain silent under most conditions. Cellular stress signals activate L1, but the molecular mechanisms controlling L1 activation remain unclear. Evidence is presented here that benzo(a)pyrene (BaP), an environmental hydrocarbon metabolized by mammalian(More)
RPM2 is a Saccharomyces cerevisiae nuclear gene that encodes the protein subunit of mitochondrial RNase P and has an unknown function essential for fermentative growth. Cells lacking mitochondrial RNase P cannot respire and accumulate lesions in their mitochondrial DNA. The effects of a new RPM2 allele, rpm2-100, reveal a novel function of RPM2 in(More)
We have found an extremely large ribonuclease P (RNase P) RNA (RPR1) in the human pathogen Candida glabrata and verified that this molecule is expressed and present in the active enzyme complex of this hemiascomycete yeast. A structural alignment of the C. glabrata sequence with 36 other hemiascomycete RNase P RNAs (abbreviated as P RNAs) allows us to(More)
Computational approaches were used to define structural and functional determinants of a putative genetic regulatory network of murine LINE-1 (long interspersed nuclear element-1), an active mammalian retrotransposon that uses RNA intermediates to populate new sites throughout the genome. Polymerase (RNA) II polypeptide E AI845735 and mouse DNA homologous(More)
The present study was conducted to evaluate the contextual specificity of long interspersed nuclear element-1 (LINE-1 or L1) activation by cellular stress and the role of the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) transcription factor and oxidative stress in the gene activation response. Activation of the AHR by the genotoxic carcinogen benzo(a)pyrene (BaP)(More)
Misfolded alpha-synuclein (AS) and other neurodegenerative disorder proteins display prion-like transmission of protein aggregation. Factors responsible for the initiation of AS aggregation are unknown. To evaluate the role of amyloid proteins made by the microbiota we exposed aged rats and transgenic C. elegans to E. coli producing the extracellular(More)
Rpm2p is a protein subunit of Saccharomyces cerevisiae yeast mitochondrial RNase P, an enzyme which removes 5' leader sequences from mitochondrial tRNA precursors. Precursor tRNAs accumulate in strains carrying a disrupted allele of RPM2. The resulting defect in mitochondrial protein synthesis causes petite mutants to form. We report here that alteration in(More)
Rpm2p is a protein subunit of yeast mitochondrial RNase P and is also required for the maturation of Rpm1r, the mitochondrially-encoded RNA subunit of the enzyme. Previous work demonstrated that an insertional disruption of RPM2, which produces the C-terminally truncated protein Rpm2-DeltaCp, supports growth on glucose but cells lose some or all of their(More)
Rpm2p, a protein subunit of yeast mitochondrial RNase P, has another function that is essential in cells lacking the wild-type mitochondrial genome. This function does not require the mitochondrial leader sequence and appears to affect transcription of nuclear genes. Rpm2p expressed as a fusion protein with green fluorescent protein localizes to the nucleus(More)