Viliam Šnábel

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BACKGROUND The taxonomic distinctiveness of Ascaris lumbricoides and A. suum, two of the world's most significant nematodes, still represents a much-debated scientific issue. Previous studies have described two different scenarios in transmission patterns, explained by two hypotheses: (1) separated host-specific transmission cycles in highly endemic(More)
The host specificity and distribution of Eubothrium crassum (Bloch, 1779) and Eubothrium salvelini (Schrank, 1790), morphologically fairly similar pseudophyllidean tapeworms parasitizing salmonid fish, were critically assessed on the basis of morphological and genetic evaluation of extensive material collected from different definitive hosts and(More)
Heterakis spumosa is a nematode of invasive rodents, mainly affiliated with Rattus spp. of Asian origin. Despite the ecological importance and cosmopolitan distribution, little information is available on the genetic characteristics and infectivity to experimental animals of this roundworm. Heterakis isolates obtained from naturally infected brown rats(More)
The infectivity of Toxocara cati larvae in mouse tissues, following storage at 4 °C and −25 °C, was measured using a bioassay in mice. Tissues of donor mice infected with 30-day-old T. cati larvae were stored at 4 °C for 7 and 14 days, and at −25 °C for 24 hours, then tissue larvae were inoculated into recipient mice (n = 6/group). After 15 days, larval(More)
BACKGROUND Meckel's diverticulum is the most common congenital anomaly of the gastrointestinal tract. In children with intestinal ascariasis, the diverticulum remains asymptomatic or rarely the Ascaris lumbricoides may lead to its complications in the presence of massive intestinal roundworm load. Given that preoperative diagnosis is seldom carried out,(More)
The nematodes of genus Baylisascaris are common intestinal roundworms of carnivores such as raccoons, skunks, badgers, martens and bears. This report describes Baylisascaris sp. infection in a pet kinkajou Potos flavus imported into Japan from Guyana. Nematode eggs were detected in feces of the juvenile kinkajou in 2011 during a routine veterinary(More)
In an attempt to investigate the genetic and biochemical causes underlying resistance to anthelmintics, the trichostrongylid nematode Haemonchus contortus was examined by an allozymic analysis of nine candidate geneenzyme systems. Two strains resistant to benzimidazoles, two multidrug-resistant strains, and three strains susceptible to anthelmintics(More)
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