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Non-invasive monitoring of oxidative stress is highly desirable. Urinary 7,8-8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) is a biologically relevant and convenient analytical target. However, immunoassays can over-estimate levels of urinary 8-oxodG. Measurement of more than one DNA oxidation product in urine would be advantageous in terms of mechanistic(More)
AIMS Urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) is a widely used biomarker of oxidative stress. However, variability between chromatographic and ELISA methods hampers interpretation of data, and this variability may increase should urine composition differ between individuals, leading to assay interference. Furthermore, optimal urine sampling(More)
While ELISA is a frequently used means of assessing 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) in biological fluids, differences in baseline urinary 8-oxodG levels, compared to chromatographic techniques, have raised questions regarding the specificity of immunoassays. Recently, ELISA of salivary 8-oxodG has been used to report on periodontal disease. We(More)
Interaction of reactive oxygen species with DNA results in a variety of modifications, including 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG), which has been extensively studied as a biomarker of oxidative stress. Oxidative stress is implicated in a number of pathophysiological processes relevant to obstetrics and gynecology; however, there is a lack of(More)
There are substantial inter-laboratory variations in the levels of DNA damage measured by the comet assay. The aim of this study was to investigate whether adherence to a standard comet assay protocol would reduce inter-laboratory variation in reported values of DNA damage. Fourteen laboratories determined the baseline level of DNA strand breaks(More)
Urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodGuo) is widely used as a marker of oxidative stress. Here we report the comparison of two, distinct chromatographic assays with an enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). The chromatographic assays displayed good agreement (r =:0.89, p < 0.0001), whereas there was markedly worse, albeit still(More)
The alkaline comet assay is an established, sensitive method extensively used in biomonitoring studies. This method can be modified to measure a range of different types of DNA damage. However, considerable differences in the protocols used by different research groups affect the inter-laboratory comparisons of results. The aim of this study was to assess(More)
Renal transplant patients are at a greatly increased risk of skin malignancy, particularly squamous cell carcinoma (SCC), a tumor closely associated with UV exposure. There is also significant interindividual skin cancer risk among transplant patients, with evidence suggesting that this derives from variation in response to oxidative stress. Our aim was to(More)
ELISA is widely used for urinary 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) analysis. It is the method of choice for laboratories that lack specialized chromatographic instrumentation. It allows fast, high-throughput sample analysis without a need for extensive samples processing. However, a lack of agreement between ELISA and chromatographic methods(More)
Functional polymorphisms in endogenous antioxidant defense genes including manganese superoxide dismutase (MnSOD), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GPX-1) have been linked with risk of cancer at multiple sites. Although it is presumed that these germline variants impact disease risk by altering the host’s ability to detoxify mutagenic reactive(More)