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A 'dark morph' melanic strain of the greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella, was studied for its atypical, heightened resistance to infection with the entomopathogenic fungus, Beauveria bassiana. We show that these insects exhibit multiple intraspecific immunity and physiological traits that distinguish them from a non-melanic, fungus-susceptible morph. The(More)
The extended pattern of multiple esterase forms has been revealed in the hemolymph of wax moth Galleria mellonella larvae infected by the fungi Metarhizium anisopliae, Beauveria bassiana or Paecilomyces fumoso-roseus. The total esterase activity of the hemolymph also increases during mycosis. Mechanical damage of the cuticle, treatment with deltamethrin,(More)
Bacillus thuringiensis is one of the most widely used sources of biorational pesticides, as well as a key source of genes for transgenic expression to provide pest resistance in plants. In this study the effect of Bacillus thuringiensis ssp. galleriae (Bt) infection on the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD), glutathione S-transferase (GST), catalase(More)
The bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) is a pathogen of many insect species and is actively used in biocontrol. After the peroral inoculation of Galleria mellonella by the Bt in 5% sublethal concentration (LC(5)), a 1.5-fold increase in the phagocytic activity of infected larvae has been registered on the second and third days after the inoculation. With(More)
Microevolutionary adaptations and mechanisms of fungal pathogen resistance were explored in a melanic population of the Greater wax moth, Galleria mellonella. Under constant selective pressure from the insect pathogenic fungus Beauveria bassiana, 25(th) generation larvae exhibited significantly enhanced resistance, which was specific to this pathogen and(More)
The in vitro generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in haemocytes of Galleria mellonella, Aporia crataegi, Dendrolimus sibiricus, Aglais urticae (Lepidoptera) and Gryllus bimaculatus (Orthoptera), was studied by the method of nitroblue tetrazolium (NBT) reduction. Formazan formation (product of NBT reduction) was observed in haemocytes of all the(More)
We compared the general activity and heavy metal resistance of non-specific esterases in two populations of the leaf beetle Chrysomela lapponica from habitats severely contaminated by heavy metals (mostly Ni and Cu) and two populations from unpolluted habitats. Concentrations of Ni and Cu in adult beetles from the most polluted site were 7.7 and 3.6 times(More)
The formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in hemolymph and hemocytes of Galleria mellonella and Dendrolimus superans sibiricus larvae was studied by ESR spectroscopy using spin-trap 1-hydroxy-3-carboxy-pyrrolidine (CP-H). The background level of ROS formation was detected in the intact hemolymph. The addition of dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA) into free(More)
In this study, we tested the effects of dietary nickel on the activity of glutathione S-transferase (GST), esterases, phenoloxidase, and encapsulation in the haemolymph of larvae of the greater wax moth Galleria mellonella. We also explored the effects of dietary nickel on larval resistance to infection by the fungus Beauveria bassiana. Larvae fed a low(More)
The cellular and humoral immune reactions in haemolymph of the wax moth Galleria mellonella larvae naturally injected by venom of ectoparasitic wasp Habrobracon hebetor were analyzed. A strong decline of phenoloxidase (PO) activity in the haemolymph and the number of haemocytes with PO activity of envenomated wax moth was observed. In addition, it has been(More)