Viktor Bauer

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1 Segments of guinea-pig ileum and the myenteric plexus-longitudinal smooth muscle preparation were used for a study of the actions of adrenaline, noradrenaline, isoprenaline, ephedrine and phenylephrine on the responses of coaxially stimulated ileum at different distances from the ileocaecal valve.2 The responses of the ileum to electrical stimulation were(More)
Cataract--opacification of the lens--is closely related to diabetes as one of its major late complications. This review deals with three molecular mechanisms that may be involved in the development of diabetic cataract: nonenzymatic glycation of eye lens proteins, oxidative stress, and activated polyol pathway in glucose disposition. Implications resulting(More)
1. The actions of phenylephrine (0.1-100 mumol l-1) and methoxamine (0.1-100 mumol l-1) were compared with that of adrenaline (0.01-10 mumol l-1) using the single sucrose gap method and mechanical recording in the guinea-pig taenia caeci. Drugs were applied for variable periods of time. 2. The characteristics of the inhibitory effects of alpha-adrenoceptor(More)
A 63-year-old man underwent partial left axillary node dissection for metastatic melanoma of unknown primary. Lymphedema of his left upper extremity developed after surgery. Eight years later, extensive cutaneous angiosarcoma developed in the edematous limb. The occurrence of cutaneous angiosarcoma in postsurgical lymphedema is extremely rare in men; to our(More)
(1) To verify the proposed role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in ulcerative colitis, the effect of an antioxidant N-acetylcysteine (NAC) was studied in acetic acid (AA)-induced colonic inflammation. (2) Depending on the dose used, NAC administered intracolonically was found to reduce the extent of colonic damage, along with a decrease in myeloperoxidase(More)
Extensive research efforts during the last three decades resulted in a large body of experimental evidence that suggests an important role of the disbalance between generation and elimination of the oxygen and xenobiotic derived free radicals in physiological and pathological processes. Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are generated in many metabolic pathways,(More)
Previous studies suggest that a link exists between increased oxidative stress and diabetic neuropathy. Moreover, antioxidants may protect neurones from the degenerative effects of reactive oxygen species. In our study, we used streptozotocin (STZ)-diabetic rats in a 8-month chronic diabetes model to study the effects of in vivo treatment with stobadine(More)
Non-cholinergic, non-adrenergic responses to nerve stimulation recorded from smooth muscles of the guinea-pig duodenum, jejunum, proximal and terminal ileum were investigated in an attempt to characterize these responses. In the presence of atropine (1–2 μmol · l−1) and guanethidine (10 μmol · l−1) coaxial stimulation induced in all regions of the(More)
1. The effects of nifedipine (Nif) and its illuminated nitroso product nitrosopine (NTP) were investigated on lipid peroxidation, KCl elevated smooth muscle tension, and ionic currents of single smooth muscle cells. 2. Illumination of Nif at 400-700 nm within 24-48 h changed it completely to a potent antioxidant, NTP. 3. Nif relaxed the KCl-induced(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are key factors playing important roles in tissue damage of airways under different pathological conditions. Effects of ROS (superoxide anion, H2O2 and hydroxyl radical) were recorded on isometric tension of intact and epithelium denuded, not precontracted guinea pig trachea. Superoxide anion was produced by xanthine/xanthine(More)