Vikraman Subramani

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Homogeneity Index (HI) is an objective tool to analyz the uniformity of dose distribution in the target volume. Various formulae have been described in literature for its calculation but there is paucity of data regarding the ideal formula and the factors affecting this index. This study was undertaken to analyze HI in our patients using various formulae(More)
This report describes qualitative and quantitative studies performed on ten muscle biopsies from chronic uremic patients on renal dialysis at light and electron microscopic (EM) levels. The muscle biopsies showed myopathic changes (variation in fiber size, central nuclei, and fiber splitting). Histochemical studies showed type II fiber atrophy and lipid(More)
The authors report the distribution of acetylcholinesterase activity and catecholamine fluorescence in the intact and completely transected rat spinal cord. The catecholamine terminals were scarce in the posterior horn and abundant in the intermediale and anterior horn regions. In the thoracic region, intense amine fluorescence was seen in the(More)
In this paper we present sequential morphologic changes produced in rat muscle mitochondria. Respiratory toxins such as crotoxin (rattle-snake venom) and 2,4-dinitrophenol (DNP-an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation) were injected in rat quadriceps muscle and the mitochondrial alterations were studied at various time intervals. The series of(More)
Caffeine contractures were recorded from thin bundles and whole extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscles of rat, and correlated with preparation size and fiber types. Thin bundles were more sensitive to caffeine and halothane than whole muscles, and bundles of 100% type I fibers were more sensitive than bundles of 100% type II fibers. Magnitude of(More)
The skeletal muscle in 3 preterm infants (27, 34, 37 weeks gestation age) born to mothers with myotonic dystrophy showed a syncytial pattern at 27 weeks and a decreasing percentage of satellite cells and central nuclei at 34 and 37 weeks gestation. The fiber type differentiation was observed only at 37 weeks of gestational age. In all 3 cases muscle fibers(More)
The muscle spindle in the preterm infants with congenital myotonic dystrophy consisted of numerous, unfused intrafusal fibers. These fibers showed immature myofilament arrangement at 27 weeks but had the nuclear arrangement of bag and chain type. The motor endings were very sparse while prominent sensory endings were seen. At 34-37 weeks, even though the(More)
This study is aimed to evaluate the impact of static and dynamic intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) delivery techniques planned with Eclipse TPS on the integral dose to the healthy normal tissue surrounding the tumor-bearing area and to the volume receiving doses < 5 Gy in patients with carcinoma nasopharynx treated with Simultaneous Integrated Boost(More)
The intra-arterial injection of 2-4 dinitrophenol, an uncoupler of oxidative phosphorylation, resulted in the production of ragged red fibers. The ultrastructure of these fibers showed intramitochondrial paracrystalline inclusions, laminar and fingerprint bodies. Antimycin A and oligomycin injection (which inhibit mitochondrial respiration) only caused(More)
The pre- and postsynaptic structure of 243 axon terminals of bag 1, bag 2, and chain fibers were studied in cynomolgus monkey skeletal muscle spindles. The motor endings of the biceps and gastrocnemius spindles (long limb muscle) were compared to the motor endings of lumbricals and opponens pollicis (intrinsic hand muscle) spindles. In both muscle groups(More)