Vikram V. Nayar

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BACKGROUND Achieving durable local control while limiting normal tissue toxicity with definitive radiation therapy in the management of high-risk brain metastases remains a radiobiological challenge. The objective of this study was to examine the local control and toxicity of a 5-fraction stereotactic radiosurgical approach for treatment of patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Intraventricular meningiomas account for 0.5-3% of all intracranial meningiomas. The majority occur in the atrium of the lateral ventricle. Surgical experience with intraventricular meningiomas is rare in the literature, and several surgical approaches exist. METHODS Between 1987 and 2007, 13 patients underwent resection of intraventricular(More)
The authors describe the novel use of a table-mounted tubular retractor system (MetRx) originally designed for minimally invasive spine surgery, in the resection of an intraventricular arteriovenous malformation (AVM) in a 12-year-old child. The tubular retractor system may have several advantages over traditional Greenberg or Leyla retractors in selected(More)
OBJECT Intrasellar aneurysms are rare lesions that often mimic pituitary tumors, potentially resulting in catastrophic outcomes if they are not appropriately recognized. The authors aimed to characterize the clinical and anatomical details of this poorly defined entity in the modern era of neuroimaging and open/endovascular neurosurgery. METHODS A PubMed(More)
Various transcortical approaches have been described for the resection of tumors that lie in the atrium of the lateral ventricle. An approach through the middle temporal gyrus has a short trajectory to the atrium and can grant early access to the tumor's blood supply, but it typically results in damage to the optic radiations that course lateral to the(More)
Accurate localization of the epileptogenic zone is of paramount importance in epilepsy surgery. Despite the availability of noninvasive structural and functional neuroimaging techniques, invasive monitoring with subdural electrodes is still often indicated in the management of intractable epilepsy. Neuronavigation is widely used to enhance the accuracy of(More)
Common complications of ventriculopleural shunts include in fections, pleural effusions, tube migration, and pneumothoraces.2–4 There has been 1 previous report of a tension hydrothorax in an adult with a ventriculopleural shunt.1 This 5-year-old boy with a ventriculopleural shunt (Fig. 1 left) had been asymptomatic despite a large right-sided effusion with(More)
Inadvertent occlusion of the anterior choroidal artery during aneurysm clipping can cause a disabling stroke in minutes. We evaluate the clinical utility of direct cortical motor evoked potential (MEP) monitoring during aneurysm clipping, as a real-time assessment of arterial patency, prior to performing indocyanine green videoangiography.   Direct cortical(More)
OBJECT The infratentorial supracerebellar approach to the pineal region presents special challenges during patient positioning. The head must be flexed and the body positioned to allow an operative trajectory under the straight sinus. Image guidance is not useful during positioning because registration and navigation take place after the head is fixed in(More)
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