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Prospective simulations of human pharmacokinetic (PK) parameters and plasma concentration-time curves using in vitro in vivo extrapolation (IVIVE) and physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models are becoming a vital part of the drug discovery and development process. This paper presents a strategy to deliver prospective simulations in support of(More)
Vismodegib (GDC-0449), a small-molecule Hedgehog pathway inhibitor, was well tolerated in patients with solid tumors and showed promising efficacy in advanced basal cell carcinoma in a Phase I trial. The purpose of the study presented here was to determine routes of elimination and the extent of vismodegib metabolism, including assessment and identification(More)
WHAT IS ALREADY KNOWN ABOUT THIS SUBJECT While recent publications have suggested the pharmacokinetics (PK) of vismodegib appear to be non-linear, there has not been a report describing the mechanisms of non-linearity. WHAT THIS STUDY ADDS This study provides evidence that two separate processes, namely, solubility-limited absorption and(More)
A rapid equilibrium dialysis (RED) assay followed by a solid phase extraction (SPE) high-performance liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) assay for the quantitative determination of unbound vismodegib in human plasma was developed and validated. The equilibrium dialysis was carried out using 0.3 mL plasma samples in the single-use plate(More)
Vismodegib (GDC-0449) is is an orally available selective Hedgehog pathway inhibitor in development for cancer treatment. The drug is ≥95% protein bound in plasma at clinically relevant concentrations and has an approximately 200-fold longer single dose half-life in humans than rats. We have identified a strong linear relationship between plasma drug(More)
The Hedgehog pathway inhibitor vismodegib exhibits pH-dependent solubility, and in vitro studies have shown that vismodegib is a substrate of P-glycoprotein (P-gp) and is metabolized by cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C9 and 3A4. The objective of this four-arm parallel study in healthy subjects was to evaluate the effect of the proton-pump inhibitor rabeprazole, the(More)
PURPOSE Vismodegib, a first-in-class oral hedgehog pathway inhibitor, is an effective treatment for advanced basal cell carcinoma. Based on in vitro data, a clinical drug-drug interaction (DDI) assessment of cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2C8 was necessary; vismodegib's teratogenic potential warranted a DDI study with oral contraceptives (OCs). METHODS This(More)
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