Vikram Khedgikar

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The concept of molecular hybridization led us to discover a novel series of coumarin-dihydropyridine hybrids that have potent osteoblastic bone formation in vitro and that prevent ovariectomy-induced bone loss in vivo. In this context, among all the compounds screened for alkaline phosphatase activity, four compounds 10, 14, 18, and 22 showed significant(More)
Withania somnifera or Ashwagandha is a medicinal herb of Ayurveda. Though the extract and purified molecules, withanolides, from this plant have been shown to have different pharmacological activities, their effect on bone formation has not been studied. Here, we show that one of the withanolide, withaferin A (WFA) acts as a proteasomal inhibitor (PI) and(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the skeletal effects of an extract made from the leaves and pods of Dalbergia sissoo (butanol-soluble standardized fraction [BSSF]) on ovariectomized rats, a model for postmenopausal osteopenia. METHODS Adult Sprague-Dawley rats were ovariectomized and administered BSSF (50 and 100 mg/kg per day) or(More)
The relationship between fat and bone mass at distinct trabecular and cortical skeletal compartments in a high-fat diet (HFD) model was studied. For this, C57BL/6 mice were assigned to four groups of eight animals each. Two groups, each of males and females, received a standard chow diet while the remaining other two groups received the HFD for a period of(More)
AIM OF THE STUDY Our earlier study has demonstrated that EGb 761 (standardized extract of Ginkgo) has the bone sparing effect on the estrogen deficiency induced bone loss model. In the present study, we have addressed the question whether treatment of osteoporosis benefits arterial calcification or vice versa, because both adipocyte and osteoblast originate(More)
A prototype formulation based on layer-by-layer (LbL) nano-matrix was developed to increase bioavailability of kaempferol with improved retention in bone marrow to achieve enhanced bone formation. The layer-by-layer nano-matrix was prepared by sequential adsorption of biocompatible polyelectrolytes over the preformed kaempferol-loaded CaCO(3) template. The(More)
One new isoflavone glucoside, caviunin 7-O-[β-d-apiofuranosyl-(1→6)-β-d-glucopyranoside] (10) and a new itaconic derivative, (E)-4-methoxy-2-(3,4-dihydroxybenzylidene)-4-oxobutanoic acid (15) along with series of isoflavones and flavonols with their glucosides (1-9 and 11-14) and a lignan glucoside (16) were isolated from the ethanolic extract of Dalbergia(More)
Recently, we reported that extract of Dalbergia sissoo made from leaves and pods have antiresorptive and bone-forming effects. The positive skeletal effect attributed because of active molecules present in the extract of Dalbergia sissoo. Caviunin 7-O-[β-D-apiofuranosyl-(1-6)-β-D-glucopyranoside] (CAFG), a novel isoflavonoid show higher percentage present(More)
AIM A layer-by-layer matrix (LBL) comprising kaempferol (LBL-KEM) was prepared for improved osteogenic action. MATERIALS & METHODS The LBL-KEM consisted of alternate layers of sodium alginate and protamine sulfate, which were sequentially deposited on the preformed kaempferol (KEM)-loaded CaCO3 core (CaCO3-KEM) by LBL self-assembly. The LBL matrix(More)
The present study was undertaken to investigate and rationalize the in vitro antiosteoporotic activity of neoflavonoids, isolated from Dalbergia sissoo heartwood. Neoflavonoids were isolated using extensive column chromatography and identified as dalsissooal (1) a new compound and cearoin (2), dalbergin (3), 4-methoxy dalbergion (4), dalbergiphenol (5),(More)