Vikram D. Kodibagkar

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Hyperpolarized (3)He gas MRI was used to form maps of the effective diffusivity of gas in human lungs. Images of diffusion as well as spin density are presented from a study of 11 healthy volunteers and 5 patients with severe emphysema. The effective rate of diffusion, D(e), of the gas is reduced by the alveolar walls; tissue destruction in emphysema is(More)
PURPOSE We recently reported that anionic phospholipids, principally phosphatidylserine, become exposed on the external surface of vascular endothelial cells in tumors, probably in response to oxidative stresses present in the tumor microenvironment. In the present study, we tested the hypothesis that a chimeric monoclonal antibody that binds(More)
PURPOSE To retrospectively evaluate the fidelity of magnetic resonance (MR) spectroscopic imaging data preservation at a range of accelerations by using compressed sensing. MATERIALS AND METHODS The protocols were approved by the institutional review board of the university, and written informed consent to acquire and analyze MR spectroscopic imaging data(More)
Simultaneous near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were used to investigate the correlation between tumour vascular oxygenation and tissue oxygen tension dynamics in rat breast 13762NF tumours with respect to hyperoxic gas breathing. NIRS directly detected global variations in the oxygenated haemoglobin concentration(More)
Hypoxia has long been recognized to influence solid tumor response to therapy. Increasingly, hypoxia has also been implicated in tumor aggressiveness, including growth, development and metastatic potential. Thus, there is a fundamental, as well as a clinical interest, in assessing in situ tumor hypoxia. This review will examine diverse approaches focusing(More)
2-Fluoro-4-nitrophenol-beta-D-galactopyranoside (OFPNPG) belongs to a novel class of NMR active molecules (fluoroaryl-beta-D-galactopyranosides), which are highly responsive to the action of beta-galactosidase (beta-gal). OFPNPG has a single 19F peak (-55 ppm relative to aqueous sodium trifluoroacetate). Upon cleavage by beta-gal, the pH sensitive aglycone(More)
Over the years many techniques have been devised for the measurement of tissue oxygenation (oximetry). Oximetry using polarographic needle electrodes has long been considered a gold standard. Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR) based oximetry uses exogenously administered reporter molecules such as perfluorocarbons to quantitatively interrogate oxygen tension(More)
Tumor hypoxia is known to affect sensitivity to radiotherapy and promote development of metastases; therefore, the ability to image tumor hypoxia in vivo could provide useful prognostic information and help tailor therapy. We previously demonstrated in vitro evidence for selective accumulation of a gadolinium tetraazacyclododecanetetraacetic acid monoamide(More)
Gene therapy has emerged as a promising strategy for treatment of various diseases, but there is a pressing need for the development of non-invasive reporter techniques based on appropriate molecules and imaging modalities to assay gene expression. We now report the design, synthesis, and evaluation of novel enhanced reporter molecules, which reveal lacZ(More)
Reporter genes and associated enzyme activity are becoming increasingly significant for research in vivo. The lacZ gene and beta-galactosidase (beta-gal) expression have long been exploited as reporters of biologic manipulation at the molecular level, and a noninvasive detection strategy based on proton MRI is particularly attractive.(More)