The interactions between the microtubule motor cytoplasmic dynein and its putative regulator dynactin have been shown to be dynamic and complex.
The Golgi apparatus is a highly dynamic organelle through which nascent proteins released from the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) are trafficked. Proteins are post-translationally modified within the Golgi and subsequently packaged into carriers for transport to a variety of cellular destinations. This transit of proteins, as well as the maintenance of Golgi… (More)
Vimentin intermediate filaments move bi-directionally along microtubules in the cell. Recent work has identified the microtubule motor cytoplasmic dynein as the missing inward-directed motor that drives this movement.
In this study, we investigated how microtubule motors organize microtubules in Drosophila neurons. We showed that, during the initial stages of axon outgrowth, microtubules display mixed polarity and minus-end-out microtubules push the tip of the axon, consistent with kinesin-1 driving outgrowth by sliding antiparallel microtubules. At later stages, the… (More)
Microtubule motors drive the movement of many different cargoes in eukaryotic cells. A combination of in vitro and in vivo approaches has led to a better understanding of their mechanism of action and function and are also revealing that the microtubule track itself may have an important role to play in directing cargo movement within the cell.