Vikas Kushwaha

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OBJECTIVE To investigate which life stage of the parasite has the ability to stimulate release of pro- or anti-inflammatory mediators from macrophages. METHODS The human macrophage/monocyte cell line THP-1, the mouse macrophage cell line RAW 264.7 and naive peritoneal macrophages (PM) from the rodent host Mastomys coucha (M. coucha) were incubated at 37(More)
Human lymphatic filariasis, a vector borne debilitating disease is widely prevalent in tropical and subtropical regions of the world and imposes a significant public health and economic burden. Despite global efforts towards elimination of the disease by treatment with existing drugs, diethylcarbamazine (DEC), ivermectin and albendazole and their(More)
A large number of medicinal plants remain to be explored for antifilarial compounds. In the present study a crude methanolic extract of leaves of Alnus nepalensis, chloroform- and n-butanol-partitioned fractions from the crude extract and 6 bioactivity-guided isolated compounds including two new diarylheptanoid from the fractions were assayed for(More)
Although a number of chemicals have been isolated from Glycyrrhiza glabra, only a few have been evaluated for their biological significance. As part of our drug discovery program for antifilarial agents from Indian medicinal plants, the roots of G. glabra were chemically investigated, which resulted in the isolation and characterization of an antifilarial(More)
As part of our drug discovery program for anti-filarial agents from Indian medicinal plants, leaves of Eucalyptus tereticornis were chemically investigated, which resulted in the isolation and characterization of an anti-filarial agent, ursolic acid (UA) as a major constituent. Antifilarial activity of UA against the human lymphatic filarial parasite Brugia(More)
Filarial parasites survive by inducing tolerance in host but the antigens and mechanisms involved are not clear. Recently we found that BmAFI, a Sephadex G-200 eluted fraction of Brugia malayi adult worm extract, stimulates IL-10 release from THP-1 cells. In the present study, we determined the SDS-PAGE profile of BmAFI and infective 3rd stage larva (L3),(More)
Here we report the synthesis of novel chalcone-thiazole compounds and their antifilarial activity. The antifilarial properties of these hybrids were assessed against microfilariae as well as adult worms of Brugia malayi. Among all the synthesized compounds, only two compounds, namely 4g and 4n were identified to be promising in vitro. These active compounds(More)
Nitric oxide (NO) mediated mechanisms have been implicated in killing of some life-stages of Brugia malayi/Wuchereria bancrofti and protect the host through type 1 responses and IFN-γ stimulated toxic mediators' release. However, the identity of NO stimulating molecules of the parasites is not known. Three predominantly NO-stimulating SDS-PAGE resolved(More)
A series of 3,6-epoxy [1,5]dioxocines were synthesized and evaluated for their antifilarial activity against adult parasites of human lymphatic filarial parasite Brugia malayi (sub-periodic strain) in vitro. Out of these, six compounds (4a-f) possessed improved in vitro anti-filarial activity and examples 4d and 4f were also found to be active in the in(More)
Lymphatic filariasis caused by Wuchereria bancrofti, Brugia malayi and B. timori, is a debilitating disease with an adverse social and economic impact. The infection remains unabated in spite of treatment with existing antifilarial drugs diethylcarbamazine (DEC) and ivermectin which are chiefly microfilaricides. There is therefore, need for(More)