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Dendritic arborization and spine formation are critical for the functioning of neurons. Although many proteins have been identified recently as regulators of dendritic morphogenesis, the intracellular signaling pathways that control these processes are not well understood. Here we report that the Ras-phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)-Akt-mammalian target(More)
— In this paper, we study the VoIP capacity of IEEE 802.11b (DCF), i.e., the maximum number of simultaneous voice calls that can take place in a WLAN cell. This capacity is highly dependent on the chosen codec and on the distance from the access point (AP) to the users. Thus several codecs are studied, namely G711, GSM-EFR, and G723.1. All users are assumed(More)
The G-protein coupled receptor, metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5), is expressed on both cell surface and intracellular membranes in striatal neurons. Using pharmacological tools to differentiate membrane responses, we previously demonstrated that cell surface mGluR5 triggers rapid, transient cytoplasmic Ca(2+) rises, resulting in c-Jun N-terminal(More)
BACKGROUND Melastoma malabathricum (MM) Linn leaves traditionally use in the treatment of diabetic conditions. The aim of the present investigation was to evaluate the antioxidant, antihyperlipidemic and antidiabetic activity of methanolic extract taken from Melastoma malabathricum Linn (Melastomaceae). METHODS The methanolic leaves extract of MM Linn(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors are well known for converting an extracellular signal into an intracellular response. Here we showed that the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu5) plays a dynamic intracellular role in signal transduction. Activation of endogenously expressed mGlu5 on striatal nuclear membranes leads to rapid, sustained calcium (Ca2+)(More)
G-protein-coupled receptors are thought to transmit extracellular signals to the cytoplasm from their position on the cell surface. Some receptors, including the metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGluR5), are also highly expressed on intracellular membranes where they serve unknown functions. Here, we show that activation of cell surface versus(More)
Activation of cell-surface receptors stimulates generation of intracellular signals that, in turn, direct the cellular response. However, mechanisms that ensure combinatorial control of these signaling events are not well understood. We show here that the Ca2+ and reactive oxygen intermediates generated upon BCR activation rapidly engage in a cooperative(More)
Drug-drug interactions may cause serious adverse events in the clinical setting, and the cytochromes P450 are the enzyme system most often implicated in these interactions. Cytochrome P450 2C is the second most abundant subfamily of cytochrome P450 enzymes and is responsible for metabolism of almost 20% of currently marketed drugs. The most abundant isoform(More)
Adaptation and survival of Trypanosoma brucei requires editing of mitochondrial mRNA by uridylate (U) insertion and deletion. Hundreds of small guide RNAs (gRNAs) direct the mRNA editing at over 3,000 sites. RNA editing is controlled during the life cycle but the regulation of substrate and stage specificity remains unknown. Editing progresses in the 3' to(More)
Hypericum perforatum is known to have diverse medicinal uses for centuries. The antidepressant activity of Hypericum perforatum is widely accepted and proved in both animal and clinical studies. Present study was undertaken to investigate the effect of Hypericum perforatum in a battery of animal models for metabolic disorder. Hypericum is tested for(More)