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Experimental evidence suggests that the hippocampal theta rhythm plays a critical role in learning. Previous studies have shown long-term potentiation (LTP) to be preferentially induced with stimulation on the peak of local theta rhythm in region CA1 in anesthetized rats and with stimulation of the perforant path at the peak of theta in both anesthetized(More)
BACKGROUND To evaluate the effectiveness of surgical intervention in managing empyema thoracis in children. PATIENTS AND METHODS A total of 70 patients aged 1-14 years diagnosed to have empyema thoracis and who underwent tube thoracostomy from January 2010 to December 2013 were studied. All patients of which 12 patients needed decortication. RESULTS The(More)
OBJECTIVES To assess the utility of the cell block preparation method in increasing the sensitivity of cytodiagnosis of serous fluids and to know the primary site of malignant effusions. MATERIALS AND METHODS A total of 190 cases were subjected to routine smear examination as well as cell block preparation. After the cytological diagnosis, each case was(More)
A trichobezoar is a mass of culminated hair within the gastrointestinal tract. Stomach is the common site of occurrence. Intestinal obstruction due to primary trichobezoar is extremely rare. Only few cases have been reported so far. We also present a case of 13-year-old girl having primary ileal trichobezoar causing intestinal obstruction.
We report a rare case of a 25-year-old asymptomatic female who was referred for evaluation of a cardiac murmur. She had recent history of treatment for pulmonary tuberculosis. On investigation, she was diagnosed with left ventricular pseudoaneurysm (PSA) likely secondary to rupture of myocardial tubercular abscess. She was operated successfully for the left(More)
Isolated aneurysms in iliac artery are not common. A 65-year-old male patient presented with complaints of pain abdomen, abdominal distension and history of hypertension, Clinical examination revealed pulsatile mass in the right iliac fossa extending upto paraumbilical region with palpable pulsations in all the limbs. Computed tomographic (CT) angiogram was(More)
We present a case of 21-year-old female patient with history of pain abdomen and abdominal distension. The patient also had oedema of the limbs, puffiness of the face, pallor and palpable mass in the abdomen. Ultrasonography of the abdomen and computed tomographic angiogram was done and it showed presence of vascular mass along with arteriovenous(More)
A 57-year-old male patient suffering from Buerger's disease presented with pre-gangrenous changes in right foot and ischemic symptoms in right hand. Computed tomographic angiography revealed diffuse distal disease not suitable for vascular bypass and angioplasty. Right lumbar sympathectomy was done using a retroperitoneal approach followed 1 year later by(More)
A 50-year-old male patient, a known case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), presented with the features of bronchopleural fistula (BPF) on the right side for 1 month. The patient was a chronic smoker and did not give any history suggestive of pulmonary Koch's. The patient had sudden-onset breathlessness and chest pain 1 month before, which was(More)
OBJECTIVE Aloe vera is the oldest medicinal plant that has maintained its popularity over the course of time. It is widely known for its medicinal uses in wound healing, as an analgesic, and for its anti-inflammatory properties. AIM The aim of this study is to evaluate the anti-inflammatory property of aloe vera mouthwash on plaque-induced gingivitis. (More)