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A stage-dependent increase in the level of putrescine, spermidine, and spermine during intraerythrocytic growth of Plasmodium knowlesi in rhesus monkey erythrocytes was observed. Further, intraerythrocytic P. knowlesi-induced putrescine influx was found in trophozoite stage-infected erythrocytes and process was time- and temperature-dependent and showed(More)
Promastigotes of Leishmania donovani (Dd-8 strain) showed presence of important key enzymes of heme synthesizing (d-aminolevulinic acid synthase and ferrochelatase) and degrading (heme oxygenase and biliverdin reductase) systems, classical leishmanicidal drugs viz allopurinol, amphotericin B, pentamidine and CDRI compound 93/202 inhibited the heme oxygenase(More)
The mechanism of increased capillary permeability, seen in cases of dengue haemorrhagic fever (DHF) and dengue shock syndrome (DSS), is not known. Dengue type 2 virus (DV) is known to induce production of a lymphokine, the cytotoxic factor (CF), by the T lymphocytes of mouse spleen. The data presented here show that intraperitoneal inoculation of CF in mice(More)
Reactive oxygen species are important mediators of tissue injury during malaria infection. The status of hepatic oxidative stress and antioxidant defence indices were studied during Plasmodium yoelii nigeriensis (P. y. nigeriensis) infection and chloroquine/polyinosinic-polycytidylic acid stabilized with polylysine and carboxymethylcellulose (poly ICLC)(More)
Intraerythrocytic stages of cell-free Plasmodium knowlesi possess significant activities of heme biosynthetic enzymes, viz. delta-aminolevulinic acid synthase (delta-ALAS), delta-aminolevulinic acid dehydrase (delta-ALAD), ferrochelatase (FC), and tryptophan pyrrolase (enzyme representing free heme pool). delta-Aminolevulinic acid synthase and FC showed(More)
Entamoeba histolytica (NIH-200) secreted large amounts of acid phosphatase in its external environment when grown axenically in modified TPS-II medium. Fractionation by DEAE-cellulose chromatography of the precipitate obtained from the cell-free medium at 60% ammonium sulfate saturation yielded 3 distinct peaks of enzyme activity. The enzyme in all the(More)
The present work was conducted to evaluate the oxygen free radical system in 29 patients and comparing them with nine matched healthy controls of acute and chronic myocardial ischemic syndromes. The parameters assessed for oxidative stress were superoxide anion and malonyldialdehyde, and for the antioxidant defence system were superoxide dismutase, catalase(More)
Methemoglobin, a toxic ferric form of hemoglobin, is continuously formed in normal erythrocytes, but during abnormal situations in situ, the level is enhanced. 8-Amino-quinolines and related compounds are causative agents for methemoglobin formation. Employing oxyhemoglobin, methemoglobin toxicity was about six times higher with primaquine compared to CDRI(More)
We have investigated the presence of total, free, protein-bound and peptide-bound hydroxyproline (Hyp) in the plasma of different mammals viz., camel, bovine, sheep, human, rabbit and rat. Total Hyp was significantly highest in human followed by rabbit, rat, bovine, sheep and camel (P<0.001). Free Hyp was significantly highest in human followed by rabbit,(More)
Chloroquine-resistant (CQR) and -sensitive (CQS) Plasmodium berghei K173 strains possessed significant activities of heme oxygenase, biliverdin reductase and heme polymerase. Heme oxygenase and biliverdin reducatase activities of CQR were significantly higher (7-10 fold) as compared to that of CQS P. berghei, whereas heme polymerase showed a reverse trend(More)