Vikas Bhalla

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BACKGROUND B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is valuable in diagnosing heart failure (HF), but its utility in obese patients is unknown. Studies have suggested a cut-point of BNP > or = 100 pg/mL for the diagnosis of HF; however, there is an inverse relation between BNP levels and body mass index. We evaluated differential cut-points for BNP in diagnosing(More)
OBJECTIVES The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships among B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels within the diagnostic range, perceived congestive heart failure (CHF) severity, clinical decision making, and outcomes of the CHF patients presenting to emergency department (ED). BACKGROUND Since BNP correlates with the presence of CHF,(More)
This study compared the correlation and prognostic utility of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and the N-terminal fragment of proBNP (NT-proBNP) in 171 outpatients with renal dysfunction. The NT-proBNP correlated well with BNP in all cases (r = 0.911; P pound .01), regardless of degree of renal impairment or type of left ventricular dysfunction. BNP and(More)
BACKGROUND B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is secreted from the cardiac ventricles in response to increased wall tension. METHODS The Breathing Not Properly Multinational Study was a 7-center, prospective study of 1586 patients who presented to the Emergency Department with acute dyspnea and had BNP measured with a point-of-care assay upon arrival. The(More)
Several investigators have observed that repeated acid infusions induce stronger symptoms (symptom hypersensitivity). The goal of our study was to determine whether symptom hypersensitivity is associated with esophageal contractile hypersensitivity. Subjects with chronic heartburn symptoms underwent simultaneous pressure and ultrasound imaging of esophagus.(More)
Catheter-based high-frequency intraluminal ultrasound imaging is a powerful tool to study esophageal sensory and motor function and dysfunction in vivo in humans. It can be combined with manometry, pH, and impedance measurement techniques to determine the relationships between different physiologic parameters. High-frequency intraluminal ultrasound imaging(More)
The current understanding is that longitudinal muscle contraction begins before and outlasts circular muscle contraction during esophageal peristalsis in normal subjects. The goal of our study was to reassess the relationship between the contractility of two muscle layers using novel ways to look at the muscle contraction. We studied normal subjects using(More)
BACKGROUND Detection of heart failure (HF) in stable outpatients can be difficult until an overt event occurs. This study sought to determine whether the combination of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and impedance cardiography (ICG) could be used in a nonacute clinical setting to risk stratify and predict HF-related events in stable outpatients. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) is synthesized in cardiac ventricles in response to volume expansion. This study evaluated BNP levels to determine trends during pregnancy, and to assess BNP as a diagnostic tool in preeclampsia. STUDY DESIGN We studied 163 BNP levels in 118 pregnant women, ranging from first trimester to term. An additional 34(More)
OBJECTIVES We hypothesized that B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) levels can predict cardiac mortality in diabetic patients. BACKGROUND Detection of cardiovascular disease in diabetics can be difficult until overt events occur. METHODS A total of 482 diabetics (majority male with type 2 diabetes) at the Veterans Affairs Medical Center San Diego were(More)