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AIMS To evaluate the relationship between body mass index (BMI) and urinary incontinence (UI) in adults ≥40 from the United States, United Kingdom, and Sweden. METHODS This was a secondary analysis of EpiLUTS-a population-representative, cross-sectional, Internet-based survey conducted to assess the prevalence and HRQL impact of urinary symptoms. UI was(More)
PURPOSE Long-term persistence with pharmacotherapy for overactive bladder (OAB) requires a drug with an early onset of action and good efficacy and tolerability profile. Although antimuscarinics improve OAB symptoms within 1-2 weeks of initiating treatment, adherence after 3 months is relatively poor due to bothersome side effects (e.g., dry mouth and(More)
AIMS The aim of our study was to determine whether the urodynamic diagnosis is useful in the management of women with symptoms of an overactive bladder (OAB). METHODS Women with lower urinary tract symptoms, attending a tertiary referral urogynaecology clinic were studied. All women were fully evaluated, with history, urinary symptoms questionnaire,(More)
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS The pathophysiology of prolapse is not well understood. However, two main theories predominate: either the fibromuscular layer of the vagina develops a defect/tears away from its supports, or its tissues are stretched and attenuated. The aim of this study was to assess how vaginal wall thickness (VWT) is related to vaginal(More)
CONTEXT Although family studies have shown that male lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS) are highly heritable, no systematic review exists of genetic polymorphisms tested for association with LUTS. OBJECTIVE To systematically review and meta-analyze studies assessing candidate polymorphisms/genes tested for an association with LUTS, and to assess the(More)
BACKGROUND Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) is a heterogeneous endocrine disorder affecting women of reproductive age. The syndrome is characterized by a combination of polycystic ovarian morphology, clinical features and biochemical indices. The objective of this prospective observational study was to investigate the relationship between the total(More)
AIM To define the urodynamic diagnoses of women with mixed urinary incontinence (MUI) symptoms. MATERIALS AND METHODS Women with MUI symptoms were studied. They were divided into stress predominant MUI; urge predominant MUI; or equal severity of stress and urge MUI on the basis of the most severe symptom scored on the King's Health Questionnaire. The(More)
OBJECTIVE Family studies and twin studies demonstrate that lower urinary tract symptoms and pelvic organ prolapse are heritable. This review aimed to identify genetic polymorphisms tested for an association with lower urinary tract symptoms or prolapse, and to assess the strength, consistency, and risk of bias among reported associations. STUDY DESIGN(More)
AIMS To characterize the response to fesoterodine treatment for overactive bladder (OAB) in subjects who did or did not choose to dose escalate in a flexible-dose study. METHODS Subjects were randomized to fesoterodine 4  mg or placebo. At week 2, subjects could remain on 4  mg (non-escalators) or choose to increase to 8  mg (escalators) for the remaining(More)
AIM To assess the predictive value of three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound volumes of the urethral sphincter in women undergoing continence surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS Women with urodynamic stress incontinence undergoing to Burch colposuspension were prospectively studied using videocystourethrography (VCU), urethral pressure profilometry (UPP) and a 3D(More)