Vijayvel Jayaprakash

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A limited number of studies have investigated diet in association with endometrial cancer (EC). We examined the association between intakes of selected food groups and nutrients with EC risk among 541 women with histologically confirmed EC and 541 women with an intact uterus and noncancer diagnoses seen at Roswell Park Cancer Institute between 1982 and(More)
Caffeine has been suggested as a possible risk factor for breast cancer, potentially through its effect of facilitating the development of benign breast disease. However, coffee and tea also contain polyphenols, which exhibit anticarcinogenic properties. A hospital-based, case-control study was conducted to evaluate the role of coffee, decaffeinated coffee,(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the chemopreventive potential of aspirin against head and neck cancer. DESIGN Hospital-based case-control study. SETTING National Cancer Institute-designated comprehensive cancer center. Patients Individuals who received medical services at the Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, NY, between 1982 and 1998 and who completed a(More)
Lifestyle factors related to breast cancer risk were examined in a case-control study nested in a cohort in Karunagappally, Kerala, South India. We sought interviews with all the residents in Karunagappally with the population of 385,103 (191,149 males and 193,954 females) in the 1991 census and established a cohort of 359,619 (93% of the population in(More)
BACKGROUND Wood dust (WD) has been designated a human carcinogen that can cause sino-nasal cancers. However, evidence of its association with other upper aero-digestive tract and respiratory (UADR) cancers is inconsistent. OBJECTIVE To examine the relationship between WD exposure and the risk of different histological subtypes of UADR cancers. METHODS(More)
Low socioeconomic status has been reported to be associated with head and neck cancer risk. However, previous studies have been too small to examine the associations by cancer subsite, age, sex, global region and calendar time and to explain the association in terms of behavioral risk factors. Individual participant data of 23,964 cases with head and neck(More)
Given the high mortality rate and the rapidly increasing incidence rate of esophageal carcinoma, chemopreventive agents are highly desirable. Aspirin has been shown to be associated with reduced risk of developing colorectal carcinoma and other cancers. Even though previous studies have shown reduced risk of esophageal cancer associated with aspirin use,(More)
Enterococcus faecalis is a member of the intestinal and oral microbiota that may affect the etiology of colorectal and oral cancers. The mechanisms by which E. faecalis may contribute to the initiation and progression of these cancers remain uncertain. Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) signaling is postulated to play a crucial role in oral(More)
Antioxidants such as selenium, vitamin E and C and carotenoids have been hypothesized as chemopreventive agents for several cancers. In the current review, we evaluate the results of epidemiological and interventional studies and summarize current knowledge of the prevention potential of the antioxidants, specific to gastrointestinal cancers. While early(More)
Patients diagnosed with multiple myeloma and metastatic breast, prostate and renal cancers have a better opportunity for longer survival due to a myriad of chemotherapies regimens that attempt to manage disease progression while decreasing treatment-related side effects. Osteonecrosis of the jaws (ONJ) is a known side effect of bisphosphonates and other(More)