Vijaykumar Chennupati

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Gammadelta T cells are a potent source of innate IL-17A and IFN-gamma, and they acquire the capacity to produce these cytokines within the thymus. However, the precise stages and required signals that guide this differentiation are unclear. Here we show that the CD24(low) CD44(high) effector gammadelta T cells of the adult thymus are segregated into two(More)
γδ T cells are an important innate source of interleukin-17 (IL-17). In contrast to T helper 17 (Th17) cell differentiation, which occurs in the periphery, IL-17-producing γδ T cells (γδT17 cells) are probably committed during thymic development. To study when γδT17 cells arise during ontogeny, we used TcrdH2BeGFP reporter mice to monitor T cell receptor(More)
mAb targeting the gammadelta TCR have been used for gammadelta T-cell depletion with varying success. Although the depletion-capacity of the anti-gammadelta TCR mAb clone GL3 has been disputed repeatedly, many groups continue to use gammadelta T-cell depletion protocols involving the mAb clone UC7-13D5 and find significant biological effects. We show here(More)
NLR family apoptosis inhibitory proteins (NAIPs) belong to both the Nod-like receptor (NLR) and the inhibitor of apoptosis (IAP) families. NAIPs are known to form an inflammasome with NLRC4, but other in vivo functions remain unexplored. Using mice deficient for all NAIP paralogs (Naip1-6(Δ/Δ)), we show that NAIPs are key regulators of colorectal(More)
Chronic infections promote the terminal differentiation (or "exhaustion") of T cells and are thought to preclude the formation of memory T cells. In contrast, we discovered a small subpopulation of virus-specific CD8(+) T cells that sustained the T cell response during chronic infections. These cells were defined by, and depended on, the expression of the(More)
Differentiation of T helper 17 cells (Th17) is a multistep process that involves the cytokines IL-6, TGF-β, and IL-23 as well as IL-1β, IL-21, and TNF-α. Thereby, robust induction of the capacity to produce IL-17 involves epigenetic modifications of the syntenic Il17a/f locus. Using inbred mouse strains, we identified co-regulation of gene transcription at(More)
Unlike the ∼1% of γδ TCR-positive T cells being regularly present in blood and secondary lymphoid organs (peripheral γδ T cells), ∼50-60% of small intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes (iIELs) in the mouse express the γδ TCR (γδ iIELs). In this study, we investigated the overlap and exchange of γδ iIELs and γδ T cells found in peripheral secondary lymphoid(More)
Chronic infections induce T cells showing impaired cytokine secretion and up-regulated expression of inhibitory receptors such as PD-1. What determines the acquisition of this chronic phenotype and how it impacts T cell function remain vaguely understood. Using newly generated recombinant antigen variant-expressing chronic lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus(More)
NGP-1(GNL-2) is a putative GTPase, overexpressed in breast carcinoma and localized in the nucleolus. NGP-1 belongs to the MMR1-HSR1 family of large GTPases that are emerging as crucial coordinators of signaling cascades in different cellular compartments. The members of this family share very closely related G-domains, but the signals and pathways(More)
Intestinal intraepithelial lymphocytes carrying the γδ TCR (γδ iIEL) are involved in the maintenance of epithelial integrity. γδ iIEL have an activated phenotype, characterized by CD69 expression and increased cell size compared with systemic T lymphocytes. As an additional activation marker, the majority of γδ iIEL express the CD8αα homodimer. However, our(More)