Vijaya N Gottumukkala

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BACKGROUND The therapeutic resistance of pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is partly ascribed to ineffective delivery of chemotherapy to cancer cells. We hypothesized that physical properties at vascular, extracellular, and cellular scales influence delivery of and response to gemcitabine-based therapy. METHODS We developed a method to measure mass(More)
The hypnotic, antinociceptive, and anticonvulsant properties of melatonin endow this neurohormone with the profile of a novel hypnotic-anesthetic agent. Sublingually or orally administered melatonin is an effective premedicant in adults and children. Melatonin premedication like midazolam is associated with sedation and preoperative anxiolysis, however,(More)
The association between neutrophil:lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and poor long-term outcomes in patients with non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) has been demonstrated in numerous studies. The benefit of perioperative administration of anti-inflammatory drugs on these outcomes has not been well established. Our aim in this retrospective study was to investigate the(More)
Preclinical studies have demonstrated that opioid receptor agonists increase the rate of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) growth and metastasis. Following institutional review board approval, we retrieved data on 901 patients who underwent surgery for NSCLC at MD Anderson Cancer Center. Comprehensive demographics, intraoperative data, and recurrence-free(More)
BACKGROUND This article sets out a framework for measurement of quality of care relevant to enhanced recovery pathways (ERPs) in elective colorectal surgery. The proposed framework is based on established measurement systems and/or theories, and provides an overview of the different approaches for improving clinical monitoring, and enhancing quality(More)
BACKGROUND Within an enhanced recovery pathway (ERP), the approach to treating pain should be multifaceted and the goal should be to deliver "optimal analgesia," which we define in this paper as a technique that optimizes patient comfort and facilitates functional recovery with the fewest medication side effects. METHODS With input from a(More)
Cancer patients are commonly transfused with blood products immediately before, during or after major surgery. Blood loss and haemodilution are the most common causes of red blood cells (RBCs) administration and coagulopathies are the indications for the infusion of fresh-frozen plasma (FFP), cryoprecipitates and platelets. Transfusion-related immune(More)
BACKGROUND Perioperative blood transfusions have been associated with poor clinical outcomes in the context of oncological surgery. Current literature is inconclusive whether blood transfusions are linked to shorter recurrence free and overall survival after lung cancer surgery. We hypothesize that blood transfusions in patients undergoing surgery for(More)
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