Phenytoin can produce significant dose-related toxicity because of its zero order pharmacokinetics and is an important issue in pediatric emergency medicine. It is important to differentiate phenytoin toxicity manifesting with symptoms like fever, vomiting, seizures, ataxia masquerading as acute meningo-encephalitic illness, more so at centers where… (More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E is endemic to resource-poor regions, where it manifests as sporadic cases and large waterborne outbreaks. The disease severity ranges from acute self-limited hepatitis with low mortality to fulminant hepatic failure with high mortality. It is believed that the host response plays an important role in determining the progression and… (More)
A 25 year old Afro-Carribean presented to the accident and emergency department with a painful swelling of the little finger. Radiology revealed periosteal elevation and a bone scan showed a hot spot in the proximal phalanx, suggestive of a tumour or an infection. He gave a history of recurrent chest infections in the past, the chest radiograph revealed… (More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis E, caused by the hepatitis E virus (HEV), is endemic to developing countries where it manifests as waterborne outbreaks and sporadic cases. Though generally self-limited with a low mortality rate, some cases progress to fulminant hepatic failure (FHF) with high mortality. With no identified predictive or diagnostic markers, the events… (More)
BACKGROUND Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is the most common form of neurotuberculosis and the fifth most common form of extrapulmonary TB. Early diagnosis and prompt treatment are the cornerstones of effective disease management. The accurate diagnosis of TBM poses a challenge due to an extensive differential diagnosis, low bacterial load and paucity of… (More)
Background – Diabetes mellitus (DM) and thyroid dysfunction are the two most common endocrinopathies seen in general population. Type II diabetes mellitus is commonly associated with altered thyroid function. Aim – The present study was done to study the prevalence of thyroid dysfunction in patients of Type II diabetes mellitus. Materials and methods – In… (More)
Amebic liver abscess (ALA) in pediatric age group is rare. We describe a successful thrombectomy and open drainage of a large left lobe ALA associated with thrombus in the hepatic veins and inferior vena cava extending into the right atrium in a 6-year-old boy.
BACKGROUND Acute kidney injury (AKI) is common after cardiac surgery, the incidence varying between 7.7% and 28.1%. It significantly increases morbidity and mortality. Creatinine considerably delays the diagnosis with its own attended demerits. Novel urinary biomarkers are emerging which help in rapid diagnosis thus reducing the morbidity and mortality.… (More)
Background-Obesity is fast assuming epidemic proportions throughout the world in both children and adults. This study has been done to analyze the correlation between stress and obesity. Stress is one of the contributing factors for obesity, as stressful conditions often lead to irregular diet, irregular sleep, addiction and lack of exercise. Aim – The… (More)
Isolated annular dilatation is an extremely uncommon cause of congenital mitral regurgitation. We report a case of a 5-year-old child with idiopathic isolated annular dilatation causing severe congenital mitral regurgitation.