Vijay Yajnik

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Hedgehog signalling--an essential pathway during embryonic pancreatic development, the misregulation of which has been implicated in several forms of cancer--may also be an important mediator in human pancreatic carcinoma. Here we report that sonic hedgehog, a secreted hedgehog ligand, is abnormally expressed in pancreatic adenocarcinoma and its precursor(More)
Many of the actions of receptor tyrosine kinases are mediated by the protein Ras, including the activation of various downstream serine/threonine kinases and the stimulation of growth and differentiation. The human protein Grb2 binds to ligand-activated growth factor receptors and downstream effector proteins through its Src-homology (SH) domains SH2 and(More)
SH2 domain proteins are important components of the signal transduction pathways activated by growth factor receptor tyrosine kinases. We have been cloning SH2 domain proteins by bacterial expression cloning using the tyrosine phosphorylated C-terminus of the epidermal growth factor receptor as a probe. One of these newly cloned SH2 domain proteins, GRB-7,(More)
Foxp3(+) T regulatory (Treg) cells regulate immune responses and maintain self-tolerance. Recent work shows that Treg cells are comprised of many subpopulations with specialized regulatory functions. Here we identified Foxp3(+) T cells expressing the coinhibitory molecule TIGIT as a distinct Treg cell subset that specifically suppresses proinflammatory T(More)
CDM (CED-5, Dock180, Myoblast city) family members have been recently identified as novel, evolutionarily conserved guanine nucleotide exchange factors (GEFs) for Rho-family GTPases . They regulate multiple processes, including embryonic development, cell migration, apoptotic-cell engulfment, tumor invasion, and HIV-1 infection, in diverse model systems .(More)
We used representational difference analysis to identify homozygous genomic deletions selected during tumor progression in the mouse NF2 and TP53 tumor model. We describe a deletion targeting DOCK4, a member of the CDM gene family encoding regulators of small GTPases. DOCK4 specifically activates Rap GTPase, enhancing the formation of adherens junctions.(More)
SH2 domains function to bind proteins containing phosphotyrosine and are components of proteins that are important signal transducers for tyrosine kinases. We have cloned SH2 domain proteins by screening bacterial expression libraries with the tyrosine phosphorylated carboxyterminus of the epidermal growth factor (EGF) receptor. Here we report the(More)
Cell migration requires spatial and temporal processes that detect and transfer extracellular stimuli into intracellular signals. The platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) receptor is a cell surface receptor on fibroblasts that regulates proliferation and chemotaxis in response to PDGF. How the PDGF signal is transmitted accurately through the receptor into(More)
Shc is a ubiquitously expressed Src homology 2 (SH2) domain protein that can transform fibroblasts and differentiate PC12 cells in a Ras-dependent fashion. Shc binds a variety of tyrosine-phosphorylated growth factor receptors presumably via its carboxyl-terminal SH2 domain. We cloned a fragment of Shc when screening a bacterial expression library with(More)
Notch signaling regulates multiple developmental processes and is implicated in various human diseases. Through use of the Notch transcriptional co-activator mastermind, we conducted a screen for Notch signal modifiers using the Exelixis collection of insertional mutations, which affects approximately 50% of the Drosophila genome, recovering 160 genes never(More)