Vijay Subramanian

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Bufferbloat is a phenomenon where excess buffers in the network cause high latency and jitter. As more and more interactive applications (e.g. voice over IP, real time video conferencing and financial transactions) run in the Internet, high latency and jitter degrade application performance. There is a pressing need to design intelligent queue management(More)
As video traffic increases in the Internet and competes for limited bandwidth resources, it is important to design bandwidth sharing and loss protection schemes that account for video characteristics, beyond the traditional paradigm of fair-rate allocation among data flows. Ideally, such a scheme should handle both persistent and transient congestion as(More)
Asthma leads to chronic airway inflammation that shares pathological features of chronic rejection after lung transplantation. Due to the significant role of autoimmunity in chronic rejection, we hypothesized that immunity to self-antigens may also be present in asthma. The goal was to define immune responses to self-antigens in patients with asthma. Blood(More)
Human breast cancer-associated antigen, mammaglobin-A (Mam-A), potentially offers a novel therapeutic target as a breast cancer vaccine. In this study, we define the CD8(+) cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) response to Mam-A-derived candidate epitopes presented in the context of HLA-A24 (A*2402). HLA-A24 has a frequency of 72% in Japanese, 27% in Asian Indian,(More)
Using a murine model, we demonstrated that endobronchial administration of antibodies (Abs) to major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class I results in cellular infiltration, epithelial metaplasia, fibrosis and obstruction of the small airways (obliterative airway disease [OAD]) mediated predominantly by Th17 responses to self-antigens. This resembles(More)
Chronic rejection is the leading cause of graft loss following pediatric kidney transplantation. Our group and others have demonstrated an association between the development of Abs to self-antigens and chronic rejection following adult lung and heart transplantation. The goal of this study was to determine whether Abs to kidney-associated self-antigens(More)
Liver disease due to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is an important health problem worldwide. HCV induced changes in microRNAs (miRNA) are shown to mediate inflammation leading to liver fibrosis. Gene expression analyses identified dysregulation of miRNA-449a in HCV patients but not in alcoholic and non-alcoholic liver diseases. By sequence analysis of(More)
BACKGROUND Spontaneous clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is a rare occurrence. Here, we present detailed immunological analysis of an interferon naive OLT recipient receiving uninterrupted immunosuppression who cleared HCV spontaneously 2 years after transplantation. METHODS Enzyme-linked immunospot assay(More)
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence with accelerated fibrosis following orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is a universal phenomenon. To evaluate mechanisms contributing to HCV induced allograft fibrosis/cirrhosis, we investigated HCV-specific CD4+Th17 cells and their induction in OLT recipients with recurrence utilizing 51 HCV+ OLT recipients, 15(More)
BACKGROUND Hepatitis C virus (HCV) recurrence after orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) is universal, often with accelerated allograft fibrosis. Donor liver steatosis is frequently encountered and often associated with poor early postoperative outcome. The aim of this study was to test the hypothesis that allograft steatosis alters immune responses to(More)