Vijay Samuel Richard

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In an attempt to define the epidemiology of Acinetobacter baumannii infection, 27 isolates, obtained from hospital-acquired respiratory infections, were typed using random amplified polymorphic DNA (RAPD) profile and antimicrobial susceptibility patterns. Ten different patterns were obtained with ERIC2 primer: 14 isolates had a similar profile representing(More)
Thiopurine methyltransferase (TPMT) is the main enzyme responsible for inactivating toxic products of azathioprine (AZA) metabolism. Patients with homozygous deficiency of this enzyme have no enzyme activity and ideally should not be given AZA. Patients with heterozygous deficiency have 50% of enzyme activity and have been shown to respond well and tolerate(More)
Documentation of needlestick injuries was started in the Christian Medical College Hospital, Vellore in 1993. In 1995 large sharps containers were introduced, accompanied by an intensive education programme. Details of documented injuries from 1993 to 1999 were analysed using the Epi-Info software. A total of 347 injuries occurred, mainly due to improper(More)
In tropical regions, chickenpox affects both adults and children. Therefore, healthcare workers in the tropics are vulnerable to hospital-acquired varicella infection and they may transmit infection to susceptible hospitalized individuals. Although the varicella vaccine is safe and effective, its cost is a deterrent to its use in routine immunization(More)
Malaria continues to be a major problem in tropical countries. To study the clinical features and complications of malaria in a tertiary care hospital in south India, records of 183 patients were analysed. Among 86 patients with P. falciparum and mixed infection, 24 (28 per cent) had cerebral malaria and 32 (37 per cent) had hyperbilirubinemia. Twenty-three(More)
Health care workers are exposed to blood-borne pathogens, mainly the human immunodeficiency virus, hepatitis B virus and hepatitis C virus. Infection by these viruses leads to chronic or fatal illnesses which are expensive and difficult to treat. Individuals who harbour these viruses may be asymptomatic and hence all patients should be assumed to harbour a(More)
BACKGROUND Wilson's disease usually presents in childhood. Early recognition and treatment is crucial to retard the progression of this disease, which can be debilitating, if not fatal. We analysed the clinical manifestations and survival pattern of patients admitted at our centre from 1993 to 1996. METHODS Hospital records of patients were reviewed to(More)
There is a potential risk of bacterial and viral infection being transmitted through anaesthesia circuits. Several studies have shown contamination of parts of anaesthetic equipment with bacteria that colonise the mouth and upper airway. A definite relationship between such contaminated anaesthetic equipment and subsequent lung infection remains to be(More)