Vijay Rajagopal

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Two of the major imaging modalities used to detect and monitor breast cancer are (contrast enhanced) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and mammography. Image fusion, including accurate registration between MR images and mammograms, or between CC and MLO mammograms, is increasingly key to patient management (for example in the multidisciplinary meeting), but(More)
We have developed a biomechanical model of the breast to simulate compression during mammographic imaging. The modelling framework was applied to a set of MR images of the breasts of a volunteer. Images of the uncompressed breast were segmented into skin and pectoral muscle, from which a finite element (FE) mesh of the left breast was generated using a(More)
RATIONALE AND OBJECTIVES Anatomically realistic biomechanical models of the breast potentially provide a reliable way of mapping tissue locations across medical images, such as mammograms, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and ultrasound. This work presents a new modeling framework that enables us to create biomechanical models of the breast that are(More)
This paper presents a novel X-ray and MR image registration technique based on individual-specific biomechanical finite element (FE) models of the breasts. Information from 3D magnetic resonance (MR) images was registered to X-ray mammographic images using non-linear FE models subject to contact mechanics constraints to simulate the large compressive(More)
Mammography is currently the most widely used screening and diagnostic tool for breast cancer. Because X-ray images are 2D projections of a 3D object, it is not trivial to localise features identified in mammogram pairs within the breast volume. Furthermore, mammograms represent highly deformed configurations of the breast under compression, thus the tumour(More)
A typical breast cancer examination involves the comparison of image patterns in mammograms of craniocaudal (CC) and mediolateral oblique (MLO) views. Obtaining these mammograms requires the compression of the breast in two different directions. During compression, breast tissues undergo large deformations and hence the CC and MLO views do not show exactly(More)
Anatomically realistic and biophysically based computational models of the heart have provided valuable insights into cardiac function in health and disease. Nevertheless, these models typically use a "black-box" approach to describe the cellular level processes that underlie the heart beat. We are developing techniques to stochastically generate(More)
A number of biomechanical models have been proposed to improve nonrigid registration techniques for multimodal breast image alignment. A deformable breast model may also be useful for overcoming difficulties in interpreting 2D X-ray projections (mammograms) of 3D volumes (breast tissues). If a deformable model could accurately predict the shape changes that(More)