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BACKGROUND The potential use of plasma and serum for molecular diagnosis has generated interest. Tumour DNA has been found in 'the plasma and serum of cancer patients, and molecular analysis has been done on this material. We investigated the equivalent condition in pregnancy-that is, whether fetal DNA is present in maternal plasma and serum. METHODS We(More)
Sonographic assessment of the skeleton is a routine part of fetal anomaly scanning. We report a series of 35 cases seen during a 7-year interval in which a skeletal dysplasia was suspected prenatally. In seven (20 per cent) of the 35 cases, a specific diagnosis could not be made either pre- or postnatally. Follow-up was incomplete in one case. In 32 (91 per(More)
The aim of this study was to determine whether or not the use of medical pre-treatment of the endometrium improves the outcome of transcervical resection of the endometrium with regards to long-term operative outcome, histological findings and patient satisfaction. A prospective randomized trial comparing three endometrial pre-treatment agents (danazol,(More)
The expression of integrin subunits has been investigated in the stroma and epithelium of eutopic and ectopic endometrial tissues, using immunohistochemistry and fluorescently activated cell-sorting techniques. Integrin subunits exhibited tissue-specific expression in both eutopic and ectopic endometrium. Integrin alpha 3 subunit was up-regulated in ectopic(More)
Endometriosis is characterized by the presence of functional endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity, most commonly on the ovary and peritoneum. The aetiology of endometriosis is not understood, although the adhesion of endometrial cells to the extracellular matrix (ECM) would be expected to play a central role in its pathogenesis. The expression of(More)
We report a case of the prenatal sonographic detection of facial duplication, the diprosopus abnormality, in a twin pregnancy. The characteristic sonographic features of the condition include duplication of eyes, mouth, nose and both mid- and anterior intracranial structures. A heart-shaped abnormality of the cranial vault should prompt more detailed(More)
Background Patient information leaflets (PILs) are the most important information source for older patients to effectively manage their drug therapy. Objective The objective of this study is to evaluate the appropriateness of current available PILs for use by older adults. Methods The content of the PILs were assessed by checking the availability of(More)
The quantitative analysis of carboxyhaemoglobin (HbCO) in fresh blood samples containing sulphaemoglobin (SHb) and in post-mortem blood samples was investigated using two automated spectrophotometers. The OSM 3 Hemoximeter gives much more accurate determinations of HbCO than the IL 282 Co-Oximeter in the presence of SHb. In addition, the OSM 3 Hemoximeter(More)
The effect of intravenous administration of a fat emulsion on canine gastric secretion stimulated by intravenous infusion of amino acids, pentagastrin or insulin was studied. The fat preparation was given at a rate of 30 ml/hour for 2 hours, and its effects were compared with those of a comparable amount of saline solution, each given on three separate(More)
In a group of six dogs with Heidenhain pouches, the infusion of a solution of L-amino acids caused identical increases in gastric secretion when given into the jejunum as when administered directly into the portal venous system. Elevations in plasma amino nitrogen were also similar in the two circumstances. In four dogs with Heidenhain pouches and(More)