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The death domain of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-1 (TNFR1) triggers distinct signaling pathways leading to apoptosis and NF-kappa B activation through its interaction with the death domain protein TRADD. Here, we show that TRADD interacts strongly with RIP, another death domain protein that was shown previously to associate with Fas antigen. We also(More)
Transcription of the gene encoding the endothelial cell-leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM-1; E-selectin) is induced in response to various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1. A DNase I-hypersensitive site in the 5' proximal promoter region of the E-selectin gene is observed in human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
The gene encoding intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is transcriptionally induced in response to inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokines. To investigate the mechanisms controlling ICAM-1 gene expression, we have identified regulatory DNA sequences responsible for maintaining basal and mediating induced transcription in response to tumor necrosis(More)
The ERF-1 transcription factor was previously shown to be involved in the regulation of estrogen receptor (ER) gene transcription in hormonally responsive breast and endometrial carcinomas. In this study we sought to identify the gene for ERF-1. ERF-1 activates ER gene transcription by binding to the imperfect palindrome CCCTGCGGGG within the promoter of(More)
A previously unrecognized activity has been associated with the product of the BNLF-1 gene of Epstein-Barr virus. This gene encodes the latent membrane protein of Epstein-Barr virus. When the gene was expressed at high levels, it was toxic to all cell lines tested, which included six human B-lymphoid lines as well as BALB/3T3, 143/EBNA-1, and HEp-2 cells.(More)
The BNLF-1 protein is the only non-nuclear Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded protein that has been detected in B-lymphocytes immortalized by EBV. We demonstrate that the BNLF-1 gene induces anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenic transformation of the murine cell-line, Balb/3T3. This demonstration extends the earlier observation that the BNLF-1 gene can(More)
The membrane-bound complex of bacterial periplasmic permeases consists of two hydrophobic integral membrane proteins and two copies of a hydrophilic ATP-binding protein. The ATP-binding proteins from all periplasmic permeases display a high level of sequence similarity and are referred to as "conserved components." The conserved component from the histidine(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNF-R1) mediates most of the biological properties of TNF including activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB and programmed cell death. An approximately 80-amino acid region within the intracellular domain of the receptor, termed the death domain, is required for signaling NF-kappaB activation and cytotoxicity. A(More)
Transcription of the vascular cell adhesion molecule-1 (VCAM-1) gene in endothelial cells is induced by the inflammatory cytokines interleukin-1 beta, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and lipopolysaccharide. Previous studies demonstrated that the cytokine-response region in the VCAM1 promoter contains binding sites for the transcription factors nuclear(More)