Vijay R. Baichwal

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The death domain of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor-1 (TNFR1) triggers distinct signaling pathways leading to apoptosis and NF-kappa B activation through its interaction with the death domain protein TRADD. Here, we show that TRADD interacts strongly with RIP, another death domain protein that was shown previously to associate with Fas antigen. We also(More)
The ERF-1 transcription factor was previously shown to be involved in the regulation of estrogen receptor (ER) gene transcription in hormonally responsive breast and endometrial carcinomas. In this study we sought to identify the gene for ERF-1. ERF-1 activates ER gene transcription by binding to the imperfect palindrome CCCTGCGGGG within the promoter of(More)
The BNLF-1 protein is the only non-nuclear Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) encoded protein that has been detected in B-lymphocytes immortalized by EBV. We demonstrate that the BNLF-1 gene induces anchorage-independent growth and tumorigenic transformation of the murine cell-line, Balb/3T3. This demonstration extends the earlier observation that the BNLF-1 gene can(More)
Tetrad analysis indicates that α-isopropylmalate synthase activity of yeast is determined by two separate genes, designated LEU4 and LEU5. LEU4 is identified as a structural gene. LEU5 either encodes another α-isopropylmalate synthase activity by itself or provides some function needed for the expression of a second structural gene. The properties of(More)
The gene encoding intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) is transcriptionally induced in response to inflammatory and immunomodulatory cytokines. To investigate the mechanisms controlling ICAM-1 gene expression, we have identified regulatory DNA sequences responsible for maintaining basal and mediating induced transcription in response to tumor necrosis(More)
Tumor necrosis factor receptor 1 (TNF-R1) mediates most of the biological properties of TNF including activation of the transcription factor NF-kappaB and programmed cell death. An approximately 80-amino acid region within the intracellular domain of the receptor, termed the death domain, is required for signaling NF-kappaB activation and cytotoxicity. A(More)
Transcription of the gene encoding the endothelial cell-leukocyte adhesion molecule (ELAM-1; E-selectin) is induced in response to various cytokines, including tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) and interleukin-1. A DNase I-hypersensitive site in the 5' proximal promoter region of the E-selectin gene is observed in human umbilical vein endothelial(More)
Here we demonstrate that partially purified Xenopus p42 mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinase phosphorylates bacterially expressed human c-Jun at a single site, serine 243. Several lines of evidence argue that this phosphorylation is due to p42 MAP kinase itself rather than some contaminating species. Phosphorylation of serine 243 markedly decreases the(More)
Traffic ATPases constitute a superfamily of transporters that include prokaryotic permeases and medically important eukaryotic proteins, such as the multidrug resistance P-glycoprotein and the cystic fibrosis gene product. We present a structure-function analysis of a member of this superfamily, the prokaryotic histidine permease, using mutations generated(More)
A previously unrecognized activity has been associated with the product of the BNLF-1 gene of Epstein-Barr virus. This gene encodes the latent membrane protein of Epstein-Barr virus. When the gene was expressed at high levels, it was toxic to all cell lines tested, which included six human B-lymphoid lines as well as BALB/3T3, 143/EBNA-1, and HEp-2 cells.(More)