Learn More
Islet Ag-specific CD4(+) T cells receive antigenic stimulation from MHC class II-expressing APCs. Herein, we delineate the direct in vivo necessity for distinct subsets of macrophages and dendritic cells (DC) in type 1 diabetes mellitus of the NOD mouse by using diphtheria toxin-mediated cell ablation. The ablation of macrophages had no impact on islet Ag(More)
Background: It is known that during normal pregnancy and after immunotherapy blocking antibodies are developed, these antibodies inhibit mixed lymphocyte reaction and are also anti-mitogenic in nature. Mixed lymphocyte reaction blocking antibodies are specific to the husband's lymphocytes. In the present study an attempt has been made to characterize the(More)
We report the nucleotide sequences of turkey (Meleagris gallopavo) major histocompatibility complex (MHC) class II loci (beta 1 domain or exon 2 encoding the peptide-binding region). In the present investigation, three distinct sequences from the beta 1 domain of turkey MHC class II were isolated. A BLAST search and phylogenetic analysis revealed that(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors, such as captopril, are used to control hypertension. In patients and animals with primary nephropathies, these agents improve renal function more than that would be expected from their control of hypertension. Here, we examine the effects of treatment with captopril on lupus nephritis and discuss(More)
Many individuals develop a single or a few brief episodes of autoimmunity from which they recover. Mechanisms that quell pathologic autoimmunity following such a breakdown of self-tolerance are not clearly understood. In this study, we show that in nonautoimmune mice, dsDNA-specific autoreactive B cells exist but remain inactive. This state of inactivation(More)
The role of cytokines in regression of the ovary and oviduct during induced molting in chickens was investigated by evaluating the expressions of IL-1beta, IL-6, IFN-gamma, IL-2, TGF-beta2, MIP-1beta and IL-8 in the regressing ovary and oviduct by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. In addition, serum hormonal profiles (estrogen, progesterone and corticosterone),(More)
The mechanism of postovulatory follicle (POF) regression in birds is still poorly understood. In the current study, expression of IL-1beta, IL-6, GM-CSF, IFN-gamma, IL-2, IL-4, IL-13, chCXCLi2, chCCLi2, chCCLi4, chCCLi7, IL-10 and TGF-beta2 mRNAs was estimated in regressing POF by semi-quantitative RT-PCR. In addition, the changes in immune cell population,(More)
Moulting is a natural physiological process where the reproductive system of birds undergoes complete remodeling in preparation for the next laying cycle. In domestic chickens, moulting is artificially induced by feed withdrawal to recycle the old laying flock for best profit margins. This has received severe criticism from animal welfare organizations,(More)
A study on susceptibility status in aquatic and adult stages of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus was undertaken at International Airports of Thiruvananthapuram and Cochin located in southern India. WHO standard test kits were used to conduct insecticide susceptibility tests against various organophosphates, organochlorines, carbamates and synthetic(More)