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Inhibition of the germination and outgrowth of Clostridium perfringens by buffered sodium citrate (Ional) and buffered sodium citrate supplemented with sodium diacetate (Ional Plus) during the abusive chilling of roast beef and injected pork was evaluated. Beef top rounds or pork loins were injected with a brine containing NaCl, potato starch, and potassium(More)
Detection of pathogens in contaminated food products by PCR can result in false-positive data due to the amplification of DNA from nonviable cells. A new method based on reverse transcription-PCR (RT-PCR) amplification of mRNA for the specific detection of viable Listeria monocytogenes was developed. The expression of three L. monocytogenes genes, iap, hly,(More)
Naturally occurring antimicrobial compounds could be applied as food preservatives to protect food quality and extend the shelf life of foods and beverages. These compounds are naturally produced and isolated from various sources, including plants, animals and microorganisms, in which they constitute part of host defense systems. Many naturally occurring(More)
We investigated the inhibition of Clostridium perfringens spore germination and outgrowth by two green tea extracts with low (green tea leaf powder [GTL]; 141 mg of total catechins per g of green tea extract) and high (green tea leaf extract [GTE]; 697 mg of total catechins per g of extract) catechin levels during abusive chilling of retail cooked ground(More)
Interest in chitosan, a biodegradable, nontoxic, non-antigenic, and biocompatible biopolymer isolated from shellfish, arises from the fact that chitosans are reported to exhibit numerous health-related beneficial effects, including strong antimicrobial and antioxidative activities in foods. The extraordinary interest in the chemistry and application in(More)
Survival curves of a cocktail of eight serotypes of Salmonella in ground poultry of different fat levels (1-12%), when heated rapidly to specified temperatures (58-65 degrees C), were examined. Because many of the survival curves were concave, values for two parameters: the asymptotic D-value and the "lag" times were estimated and used to develop secondary(More)
The fate of Listeria monocytogenes, Salmonella typhimurium, or Escherichia coli O157:H7 were separately monitored both in and on soudjouk. Fermentation and drying alone reduced numbers of L. monocytogenes by 0.07 and 0.74 log(10)CFU/g for sausages fermented to pH 5.3 and 4.8, respectively, whereas numbers of S. typhimurium and E. coli O157:H7 were reduced(More)
Growth data of Salmonella in chicken were collected at several isothermal conditions (10, 15, 20, 25, 28, 32, 35, 37, 42, and 45 degrees C) and were then fitted into primary models, namely the logistic model, modified Gompertz model and Baranyi model. Measures of goodness-of-fit such as mean square error, pseudo-R(2), -2 log likelihood, Akaike's(More)
This study quantified and modeled the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7, Listeria monocytogenes and Salmonella Typhimurium in soudjouk-style fermented sausage during fermentation, drying, and storage. Batter prepared from ground beef (20% fat), seasonings, starter culture, and dextrose was separately inoculated with a multi-strain mixture of each(More)
A study was conducted to investigate the antimicrobial effect of sodium lactate (NaL) (0, 1.5, 3.0, and 4.5%) on the survival of Escherichia coli O157:H7 in 93% lean ground beef. Samples inoculated with a mixture of four strains of E. coli O157:H7 (10(7) to 10(8) CFU/g) were subjected to immersion heating in a water bath stabilized at 55, 57.5, 60, 62.5, or(More)