Vijay Jayaraman

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A technique for achieving large-scale monolithic integration of materials on a wafer has been developed. The simultaneous integration of lattice-mismatched materials in the vertical direction and dissimilar latticematched materials in the lateral direction can be achieved. The technique uses a single nonplanar direct-wafer-bond step to transform epitaxial(More)
Our laboratory has developed a small animal model using Giant Flemish rabbits to examine chronic degradative changes in joint tissues following a blunt impact. Historically, we observe surface fissuring and decreases in the elastic modulus of retropatellar cartilage along with thickening of the underlying subchondral bone. Previous studies resulted in load(More)
In aerobic respiration, the tricarboxylic acid cycle is pivotal to the complete oxidation of carbohydrates, proteins, and lipids to carbon dioxide and water. Plasmodium falciparum, the causative agent of human malaria, lacks a conventional tricarboxylic acid cycle and depends exclusively on glycolysis for ATP production. However, all of the constituent(More)
Gastric volvulus is a life threatening condition characterized by an abnormal rotation of the stomach around an axis. Although the first line treatment of this disorder is surgical, we report here a case of gastric volvulus that was endoscopically managed using a novel strategy. An 83-year-old female with a history of pancreatic cancer status(More)
The pre-eminent requirement for surgical education is that it is effective and efficient. We sought to determine if the addition of low-fidelity simulation to our standard method of teaching cricothyroidotomy improves Postgraduate Year 1 residents' self-efficacy, knowledge, and skill to perform cricothyroidotomy. The teaching methods were standard education(More)
accidents are often overlooked, but can have a profound societal cost. Knee injuries, for example, account for approximately 10% of the total injuries. Fracture of the knee is not only an acute issue but may also have chronic, or long term, consequences. The criterion currently used for evaluation of knee injuries in new automobiles, however, is based on(More)
Background. OTSCs are now available in the US for various indications. Methods. Retrospective review of OTSCs used from January 2011 to April 2012. Results. Twenty-four patients underwent placement of 28 OTSCs. Indications included postsurgical fistula, perforations, anastomotic leak, prophylactic closure after EMR, postpolypectomy bleeding,(More)
Regorafenib (Stivarga, BAY 73-4506; Bayer Pharma AG, Berlin, Germany) is an oral multikinase inhibitor that targets the angiogenic tumor microenvironment and oncogenic kinases including vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR2), VEGFR1, VEGFR3, fibroblast growth factor receptor 1 (FGFR1), RAF, KIT, RET and BRAF. Its antiangiogenic effect is(More)
BACKGROUND EUS-FNA often fails to make a definitive diagnosis in the evaluation of subepithelial lesions. The addition of jumbo biopsy forceps has the potential to improve diagnostic yield, but published series are limited. OBJECTIVE To assess the likelihood of definitive diagnosis for subepithelial lesions by using jumbo biopsy forceps during EUS(More)