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In the setting of autoimmunity, one of the goals of successful therapeutic immune modulation is the induction of peripheral tolerance, a large part of which is mediated by regulatory/suppressor T cells. In this report, we demonstrate a novel immunomodulatory mechanism by an FDA-approved, exogenous peptide-based therapy that incites an HLA class(More)
Innate cellular production of IFN-gamma is suppressed after repeated exposure to LPS, whereas CpG-containing DNA potentiates IFN-gamma production. We compared the modulatory effects of LPS and CpG on specific cellular and cytokine responses necessary for NK-cell dependent IFN-gamma synthesis. C3H/HeN mice pretreated with LPS for 2 days generated 5-fold less(More)
BACKGROUND Previous studies in mice showed that respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) infection was associated with RSV RNA persistence. This study was designed to characterize the significance of RSV RNA persistence and its relation to RSV-induced chronic airway disease. METHODS Mice were inoculated with live RSV, UV light-treated RSV, heat-inactivated RSV,(More)
Infection by RNA viruses is detected by the host through Toll-like receptors or RIG-I-like receptors. Toll-like receptors and RIG-I-like receptors signal through the adaptors MyD88 and MAVS, respectively, to induce type I IFNs (IFN-I) and other antiviral molecules, which are thought to be essential for activating the adaptive immune system. We investigated(More)
Skin keratinocytes provide a first line of defense against invading microorganisms in two ways: (i) by acting as a physical barrier to pathogen entry and (ii) by initiating a vigorous innate immune response upon sensing danger signals. How keratinocytes detect virus infections and generate antiviral immune responses is not well understood. Orthopoxviruses(More)
BACKGROUND Respiratory Syncytial Virus (RSV) infection is usually restricted to the respiratory epithelium. Few studies have documented the presence of RSV in the systemic circulation, however there is no consistent information whether virus detection in the blood correlates with disease severity. METHODS Balb/c mice were inoculated with live RSV,(More)