Vijay Chhajlani

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The hypothesis that macrophages contain an autocrine circuit based on melanocortin [ACTH and alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH)] peptides has major implications for neuroimmunomodulation research and inflammation therapy. To test this hypothesis, cells of the THP-1 human monocyte/macrophage line were stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in(More)
Distribution of cDNA for five individual melanocortin receptor subtypes in 20 different human tissues was determined by PCR using subtype specific primers. PCR products were first visualised by agarose gel electrophoresis and ethidium bromide staining, and specific products were identified for melanocortin 1 receptor (MC1R) in pituitary and testis, for MC2R(More)
Melanocytes and melanoma cells are known to possess receptors for melanocyte stimulating hormone (MSH). A cDNA clone, designated 11D, has been isolated from human melanoma cells and encodes a MSH receptor. The cloned cDNA encodes a 317 amino acid protein with transmembrane topography characteristics of a G-protein-coupled receptor, but it does not show(More)
alpha-Melanocyte stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH) regulates skin and hair pigmentation by modulating the activity of MSH receptor (MC1R). We have identified Arg151Cys variant of human MC1R in genomic DNA isolated from a person with red hair and light skin of type I. The Arg151Cys variant of MC1R binds to radio-labelled analogue of alpha-MSH with identical(More)
The DNAs encoding three melanocortin receptor subtypes (melanocortin MC1 receptor, melanocortin MC3 receptor and melanocortin MC5 receptor) were expressed individually in COS (CV-1 Origin, SV40) cells to characterise their ligand binding properties. The results indicated that [125I][Nle4, D-Phe7]alpha-MSH (melanocyte stimulating hormone) bound to a single(More)
The mouse adrenocortical cell line Y1, that expresses ACTH receptors (MC2R), was used to probe the binding of ACTH and MSH peptides by using radio-labelled ACTH (1-39). The Y1 cells were found to bind [125I]-labelled ACTH (1-39) with high affinity (Kd approximately 130 pM). However, none of the melanocortin peptides NDP-MSH, alpha-MSH, beta-MSH or gamma(More)
A number of imidazoline, imidazole and guanidinium compounds and other drugs were compared for their ability to bind to non-adrenergic idazoxan (imidazoline) I-receptors in particulate guinea pig cerebral cortex and ileum smooth muscle fractions. Radioligand binding with [3H]idazoxan was used for the experiments. Computer modelling of the binding data gave(More)
Characterization of [3H]idazoxan binding to guinea pig kidney membranes showed that approximately 90% bound to nonadrenergic I-receptors and approximately 10% to alpha 2-adrenoceptors. I-Receptors could be studied separately by including 3 microM rauwolscine to the assay. During these conditions 22 different compounds out of 29 (including imidazoline and(More)
Neuropeptide Y (NPY), a 36-amino-acid peptide widely expressed in the brain is involved in many physiological responses, including hypothalamic control of food intake and cardiovascular homeostasis. NPY mediates its effects through binding to the Y1, Y2 and Y5 G-protein-coupled receptors. Little is known of the role of the Y2 receptor in mediating the(More)
The melanocortin 1 receptor is a G-protein-coupled receptor, described to be expressed on melanomas and melanocytes. Subsequent RT–PCR studies demonstrated the presence of melanocortin 1 receptor mRNA in other tissues such as pituitary gland and testis. Previously, we have demonstrated that three HLA-A2 binding nonamer peptides derived from melanocortin 1(More)