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We describe a hypothalamus-specific mRNA that encodes preprohypocretin, the putative precursor of a pair of peptides that share substantial amino acid identities with the gut hormone secretin. The hypocretin (Hcrt) protein products are restricted to neuronal cell bodies of the dorsal and lateral hypothalamic areas. The fibers of these neurons are widespread(More)
We applied the directional tag PCR subtractive hybridization method to construct a rat hypothalamic cDNA library from which cerebellar and hippocampal sequences had been depleted, enriching 20-30-fold for sequences expressed selectively in the hypothalamus. We studied a sample of 94 clones selected for enrichment in the subtracted library. These clones(More)
Human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) is a peptide hormone consisting of 84 amino acids. Using the expression plasmid pKK223-3 with the strong tacpromoter, we have produced a variant of hPTH in E. coli. From the expression plasmid construct the expected product was hPTH with an N-terminal extension of Met-Gly. The peptide was extracted from E. coli cells and(More)
Low bone mineral density (BMD) is an important risk factor for skeletal fractures which occur in about 40% of women >/=50 years in the western world. We describe the transcriptional changes in 84 trans-iliacal bone biopsies associated with BMD variations in postmenopausal females (50 to 86 years), aiming to identify genetic determinants of bone structure.(More)
Genome-wide gene expressions in bone biopsies from patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis and healthy controls were profiled, to identify osteoporosis candidate genes. All osteoporotic patients (n = 27) in an unbiased cohort of Norwegian women presented with bone mineral density (BMD) T-scores of less than -2.5 SD and one or more confirmed low-energy(More)
Parathyroid hormone (PTH) and PTH-related protein (PTHrP) exert potent and diverse effects in cells of the osteoblastic and chondrocytic lineages. However, downstream mediators of these effects are characterized inadequately. We identified a complementary DNA (cDNA) clone encoding the 5' end of the transcription factor Sox-4, using a subtracted cDNA library(More)
The transcription factor Sox4 is vital for fetal development, as Sox4(-/-) homozygotes die in utero. Sox4 mRNA is expressed in the early embryonic growth plate and is regulated by parathyroid hormone, but its function in bone modeling/remodeling is unknown. We report that Sox4(+/-) mice exhibit significantly lower bone mass (by dual-energy X-ray(More)
Periostin is a 90 kDa secreted protein, originally identified in murine osteoblast-like cells, with a distribution restricted to collagen-rich tissues and certain tumors. In this paper, we first analyzed the expression of periostin mRNA and protein in human fetal osteoblasts (hFOB) and human osteosarcoma (hOS) cell lines by RT real-time PCR and Western(More)
Human parathyroid hormone (hPTH) is a peptide hormone consisting of 84 amino acids (hPTH(1-84)). Employing the promoter and signal sequence of Staphylococcus aureus-protein A we have expressed hPTH in Escherichia coli. The expressed proteins are excreted to the growth medium, allowing for rapid and easy purification of the desired products. By amino acid(More)
A transcriptome analysis compared gene expression in human bone biopsy samples taken from lumbar spine and iliac crest, sites that experience high and low levels of mechanical stress, respectively. The analysis revealed that the zinc finger protein of cerebellum (Zic) family member transcription factor Zic1 was the most up-regulated gene in the lumbar spine(More)