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Internet-based health care networks are a step forward compared to first generation health care networks, which has been limited to pushing text-based messages between different systems. An Internet-based network can also "pull" data - and not only text but any digital data - for instance images and video sequences. The Internet-based networks can more(More)
The introduction of electronic referrals in Norway started in 1996, when the first standard for an electronic referral was developed. Subsequent implementations of electronic health record (EHR) systems have been tested by a national testing and approval service. Almost all the Norwegian EHR systems comply with the recommended standards, but the volume of(More)
Referrals are requests for medical examination and evaluation by a specialist, outpatient clinic or a hospital. The referral can be sent from a GP, specialist or from one hospital to another. The referral transfers fully or partly the responsibility for further treatment of the patient. The diffusion of electronic referrals in the health sector has been(More)
This paper gives an overview of projects completed on the topic of electronic referral in healthcare. The first referral projects were based on standardized EDI-communication. The same basis is still used in many projects, but these are slowly being replaced by web-based solutions with possibilities for decision support and booking. The time from initiation(More)
OBJECTIVE Lack of access to updated drug information is a challenge for healthcare providers in Norway. Drug charts are updated in separate EHR systems but exchange of drug information between them is lacking. In order to provide ready access to updated medication information, a project for consent-based access to a core EHR has been established. METHODS(More)
The introduction of electronic referrals in Norway started back in 1996, when the first standard was introduced. The volume of electronic referrals is still low in 2008. In 2006, the Regional Health Authorities 1 initiated a task to identify problems that had to be solved before the solutions could be widely used. Periodic meetings with the RHAs were held(More)
This work describes the use of clinical guidelines in public health care for decision support in a primary care record system. The clinical guidelines were used for decision support in primary care in order to improve the quality of electronic referrals to a hospital. Guidelines were developed by the specialists at the hospital, but the design and the(More)
This paper sums up some of the findings from a national survey on the diffusion and use of Electronic Health Record (EHR) systems in the Norwegian health sector. The survey shows that almost all hospitals and GPs use their EHR systems on a daily basis, while the municipalities are lagging behind, All three view costs and missing functionality as the most(More)
CEN committee TC 251 Medical Informatics, has set up a project team charged with producing a European pre-standard ENV on Healthcare Information Framework (HIF). The HIF is based on abstraction from a specific information system architecture to a reference architecture and further to a conceptual architectural framework based on serving open, distributed(More)