Vidyullatha Vasireddy

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Choroideremia (CHM) is an X- linked retinal degeneration that is symptomatic in the 1(st) or 2(nd) decade of life causing nyctalopia and loss of peripheral vision. The disease progresses through mid-life, when most patients become blind. CHM is a favorable target for gene augmentation therapy, as the disease is due to loss of function of a protein necessary(More)
PURPOSE To develop and apply microarray-based resequencing technology to detect sequence alterations in multiple autosomal recessive retinal disease genes on a single high-throughput platform. METHODS Oligonucleotides corresponding to both strands of the target exons and the flanking intron sequences of 29,214 bp from 11 genes associated with autosomal(More)
PURPOSE In a prior study, a S163R mutation in the complement-1q tumor necrosis factor-related protein 5 (CTRP5/ C1QTNF5) was reported to be associated with early-onset long anterior zonules (LAZ) and late-onset retinal degeneration (L-ORD). The ocular tissues involved in the phenotype are the retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) in the posterior segment and(More)
PURPOSE Mutations in the membrane frizzled-related protein (MFRP) gene cause nanophthalmos in humans, and a splice site mutation causes recessive retinal degeneration in the rd6 mouse. In human and mouse genomes, the MFRP gene lies adjoining to the complement 1q tumor necrosis factor-related protein 5 (CTRP5/C1QTNF5) gene involved in causing retinal(More)
PURPOSE A strong association between retinal degeneration and obesity has been shown in humans. However, the molecular basis of increased risk for retinal degeneration in obesity is unknown. Thus, an animal model with obesity and retinal degeneration would greatly aid the understanding of obesity-associated retinal degeneration. The retinal abnormalities in(More)
PURPOSE To develop and characterize a heterozygous knock-in mouse model carrying the 5-bp deletion in Elovl4 (E_mut+/-) and to study the pathology underlying Stargardt-like macular degeneration (STGD3). METHODS E_mut+/- mice were generated by targeting a 5-bp deletion (AACTT) in the Elovl4 gene by homologous recombination. E_mut+/- mice of age 2 to 18(More)
The P23H mutation in the rhodopsin gene causes rhodopsin misfolding, altered trafficking and formation of insoluble aggregates leading to photoreceptor degeneration and autosomal dominant retinitis pigmentosa (RP). There are no effective therapies to treat this condition. Compounds that enhance dissociation of protein aggregates may be of value in(More)
Stargardt-like macular degeneration (STGD3) is an early onset, autosomal dominant macular degeneration. STGD3 is characterized by a progressive pathology, the loss of central vision, atrophy of the retinal pigment epithelium, and accumulation of lipofuscin, clinical features that are also characteristic of age-related macular degeneration. The onset of(More)
PURPOSE Autosomal dominant Stargardt-like (STGD3) disease results from mutations in the ELOVL4 gene (elongation of very-long-chain fatty acids). This study was undertaken to characterize a mouse model with a targeted deletion of Elovl4 and to explore the role of this gene in retinal/macular degeneration. METHODS A construct targeted to exon 2 of the(More)
Human retinal degeneration can cause blindness, and the lack of relevant model systems has made identifying underlying mechanisms challenging. Parfitt et al. (2016) generate three-dimensional retinal tissue from patient-derived induced pluripotent stem cells to identify how CEP290 mutations cause retinal degeneration, and show an antisense approach can(More)