Vidya Prasad

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Two systemic antiviral resistance-inducing proteins, CIP-29 and CIP-34, isolated from Clerodendrum inerme Gaertn. leaves, were tested for ribosome-inactivating properties. It was found that CIP-29 has the characteristics of a polynucleotide:adenosine glycosidase (ribosome-inactivating protein), in that it inhibits protein synthesis both in cell-free systems(More)
A new PR (pathogenesis-related) protein was isolated from tobacco leaves (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Samsun NN), reacting hypersensitively to tobacco mosaic virus (TMV), by zinc chelate chromatography and was therefore named Pz. Its reactivity toward several lectins indicated the presence of bound sugar residues. From the amino acid sequence of tryptic peptides,(More)
The hypersensitive reaction to a pathogen is one of the most efficient defense mechanisms in nature and leads to the induction of numerous plant genes encoding defense proteins. These proteins include: 1) structural proteins that are incorporated into the extracellular matrix and participate in the confinement of the pathogen; 2) enzymes of secondary(More)
The nuclear hormone receptor peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) plays central roles in adipogenesis and glucose homeostasis and is the molecular target for the thiazolidinedione (TZD) class of antidiabetic drugs. Activation of PPARgamma by TZDs improves insulin sensitivity; however, this is accompanied by the induction of several(More)
In our continuing program exploring glucose-based peptidomimetics of somatostatin (SRIF-14), we sought to improve the water solubility of our glycosides. This led to insights into the nature of the ligand binding sites at the SRIF receptor. Replacement of the C4 benzyl substituent in glucoside (+)-2 with pyridinylmethyl or pyrazin-2-ylmethyl congeners(More)
The design, synthesis, and evaluation of a series of catechol-based non-peptide peptidomimetics of the peptide hormone somatostatin have been achieved. These ligands comprise the simplest known non-peptide mimetics of the i + 1 and i + 2 positions of the somatostatin beta-turn. Incorporation of an additional side chain to include the i position of the(More)
Cyclic phosphonomethoxy pyrimidine nucleosides that are bioisosteres of the monophosphate metabolites of HIV reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitors AZT, d4T, and ddC have been synthesized. The RT inhibitory activities of the phosphonates were reduced for both dideoxy (dd) and dideoxydidehydro (d4) analogs compared to the nucleosides.(More)
Phosphonomethoxy nucleoside analogs of the thymine containing nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), 3'-azido-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (AZT), 2',3'-didehydro-2',3'-dideoxythymidine (d4T), and 2',3'-dideoxythymidine (ddT), were synthesized. The anti-HIV activity against wild-type and several major nucleoside-resistant strains of HIV-1 was(More)
Modified purine analogs of GS-9148 [5-(6-amino-purin-9-yl)-4-fluoro-2,5-dihydro-furan-2-yloxymethyl]-phosphonic acid (2'-Fd4AP) were synthesized and their anti-HIV potency evaluated. The antiviral activity of guanosine analog (2'-Fd4GP) was comparable that of to 2'-Fd4AP in MT-2 cells, but selectivity was reduced.